Land Resources

Technical Meeting on Negotiation Environment and Territorial Development Green NEGOTIATED TERRITORIAL DEVELOPMENT (GreeNTD)

The technical meeting on Negotiation Environment and Territorial Development- Green will take place in FAO-HQs Rome from 9-10 September 2015.


Human induced changes on natural environment are imposing major threats to many natural and modified ecosystems. Rural, but particularly peri-urban people are the most vulnerable and less able to adapt to these disturbances, and often face a double burden as their result, that is, the impact on their livelihood base in addition to direct health risks. In addition to that, the shrinking of natural resources and the increased competition over them is calling for a continuous renewal of the methodological approaches dealing with management decisions. This is particularly necessary in the case of Disaster Risk Reduction and Disaster Risk Management, where it’s crucial to strengthen the institutional capacities and increase resilience of livelihoods to threats and crises, through measures that  avoid (prevention) or limit (mitigation and preparedness) the adverse effects of hazards and to provide timely and reliable hazard forecasts. Indeed, inadequate land-use planning and tenure contributes to increasing the vulnerability of communities exposed to hazards. Better land access and secure tenure enable food production and provide an incentive for landholders to invest in improving their land with soil protection measures, tree planting, improved pastures, water conservation technologies or sustainable crop production. To reduce risks, it is thus crucial to build the resilience of the natural resource base, and to promote sound environmental and natural resource management practices and the sustainable use of ecosystems.

The purpose of this technical meeting is to present an evolving analytical framework and its concrete feasible application for a bottom-up, negotiated approach to territorial development (involving dimensions of access, use and management of natural resources). The proposed approach evolves from the previous ones (PNTD, PLUD, IGETI) whilst keeping the same basic philosophical orientation of being problem-driven and oriented to finding appropriate solutions to the different concrete situations we might be asked to intervene by Member Countries. GreeNTD adds a new dimension that was not fully developed in previous versions; it addresses ecological security, given the increasing competition natural resources, and its negative impact on the environment, which affects well-being and compromises future generations.

The final target group is represented by both policy makers and field implementers of the wider community of actors dealing with the overall governance of natural resources. The proposed approach (GreeNTD) introduces the rationale for a socio-ecological approach and explores the synergies between ecosystem services to manage territories with a more sustainable perspective. The challenge related to power dynamics and asymmetries are then discussed, in order to highlight their critical importance for promoting a truly inclusive approach. This is then followed by a more detailed description of the proposed phases of the implementation with some final conclusions at the end.

Participants and Agenda

About 30 participants are expected coming from different FAO Units and a small group of external experts.


  • GIAHS Yoshihide Endo
  • GFAR Thomas Price
  • NRL: TN Water and TN Land
  • SO1: VGGTs group (NRC-OPC)
  • SO2: MAW Ecosystems (Barbara Herren, Davide Colozza, Caterina Batello, Vivian Onyango; Pablo Manzano; Mathilde Iweins; Bernardete Neves; Doug McGuire; Sally Bunning, Reiner Krell)
  • SO3:    1.2. Pro-poor approaches / sustainable use/management natural resources and

                   1.5. Gender dimensions (Ilaria Sisto; Martha Osorio; Susan Kaaria; Szilvia Lehel, Naomi Kenney)

  • SO5: Disaster Risk Reduction and Disaster Risk Management / Protracted Crisis Group (Stefan Baas; Luca Russo; Silvie Wabbes-Candotti)
  • Transversal group: Governance (Michael Clark; Klaus Urban; Frederic Deve)
  • (Sub) Regional Officers: Marianna Bicchieri, RAP, Valere Nzeymana, SFC,
  • Land Governance projects: Francisco Carranza, Head of NRM Sector, FAO-KE and CTA of Land Governance Project in Kenya; Michael Oyat, CTA Land Governance Project in Somalia; Ashebir Bekele, Territorial Development Consultant, FAO Land Governance Project Somalia
  • Walter de Oliveira, CTA GCP/MOZ/111/EC - National Programme on Food security - EU-MDG Initiative, Mozambique


  • University of Madrid: Federica Ravera,
  • Independent Consultants: David Tarrasón (main author of the GreenTD)
  • David Boerma, NRM and Ecology Specialist
  • Hassan Roba, PhD, Rift Valley Institute
  • Chris Tanner, Senior Land Policy Specialist (former CTA of FAO Land Program in Mozambique)
  • Edoardo Zandri, UNEP
  • Teresa del Ministro, UN-Habitat
  • Leonardo Gallico, Ministry of Environment, Italy
  • Pauline Nantongo , ECOTRUST Director
  • Jeff Hatcher, Managing Director, INDUFOR, former FAO Territorial Development Consultant
  • Valter Bianchini, FAO Brazil (Family Farming and Territorial Development) (funding to be confirmed)
  • Francesca Marzatico, Land Governance Specialist, GoSS

Draft Agenda  

Wednesday  9 September - Morning

Room TBA


Arrival and Registration


Opening, NRL Director

Session I – Territories, Landscape and Ecosystems: People Centered processes?


 Where do we come from: Participatory and Negotiated Territorial Development


Integrating Gender Equity in Territorial Issues (IGETI) where we stand (ESP)


From Territories to Landscape Initiative: inclusiveness, participation and negotiation aspects (FOM)


Biodiversity – Ecosystems and incentives: the FAO initiative (AGP)


Coffee Break


Decision Support for Mainstreaming and Scaling up of Sustainable Land Management (DS-SLM) (NRL)


Governance of natural resources from CSOs/NGOs/POs perspectives: VGGT and beyond (OPC)



Detailed presentation of the proposal: Objective / Rationale / Principles / Phases and Expected Results (Tarrasón)                    




Plenary: Open discussion


Coffee break

Session III: Critical review of the proposal


Working Groups: (by phases of the approach)

Group A: Phase 1 – Views. Understanding the socio-ecological system: multiplicity of actors and a multiplicity of functions

Group B: Phase 2 – Horizons. Dialogue and Proposals

Group C: Phase 3 - The negotiation process. Seeking consensus for the development of the territory of the territory through an ecosystem services lens


Thursday 10 September – Morning

Room  TBA


Working group reporting


Coffee break

Session III – Continue


Group A: Power dynamics and asymmetries (possible Case study to be identified: Kenya / Somalia projects – FAO-UN Habitat)

Group B: Biodiversity/Ecosystems services: critical view, beyond the productive metaphor (possible Case of study dealing  ES framework with power asymmetries. IPBES work or former GIAHS project Kenya/Tanzania - Boerma)


Lunch break            


Working Group reporting


Coffee break


Ways Forward:

GreeNTD and DRM/DRR: possible ways through (SO5: Baas)

GreeNTD in the context of Implementation of VGGTs (NRC- Brady, OPC)

GreeNTD in the context of RI (RLC: RI Territories) (Diaz)



Concluding Remarks (NRL)


Closing of the Meeting