Approach and Methodology
CACILM is being implemented in a multi-country framework, which includes a 10-year program (2005-2015) of activities in each country based on their respective National Programming Framework (NPF). The NPF describes each country's problems of land degradation and analyzes the natural and human-made causes. The NPF has projects/activities in the following areas:
• capacity building for strengthening the enabling environment
• capacity building for integrated land-use planning and management
• sustainable agriculture in irrigated land
• sustainable forest and woodland management sustainable pastureland management
• integrated resource management
• protected area management and biodiversity conservation remediation in the Aral Sea.
At the multi-country level, activities include:
• sustainable land management and integrating them into planning and management
• developing a sustainable land management
developing a sustainable land management information system
• promoting sustainable land management research
• supporting knowledge management and information dissemination
Despite substantial variability of physical conditions and differences in the speed of economic transition observed among the CACs, the barriers to SLM are similar in all of them. This argues strongly for a coordinated multicountry approach to their removal. Some of the major barriers relate to:
(i) policies, regulations and other incentives for agriculture, land use, irrigation, drainage and other water management issues;
(ii) government inability to adopt and implement SLM; and
(iii) inadequate or inappropriate responses to ecological problems.
The approach adopted by CACILM to overcoming these barriers consists of five elements:
(i) creating enabling conditions for SLM;
(ii) promoting integrated land-use planning and management;
(iii) adoption of SLM practices based on biogeographic and community priorities;
(iv) formulation and implementation of ecosystem and landscape protection activities; and
(v) broad stakeholder participation.