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CACILM Central Asian Countries Initiative for Land Management
The five Central Asian countries have come together with the support of the international donor community to reverse land degradation and work toward sustainable land management. CACILM, the Central Asian Countries Initiative for Land Management, is a partnership of the five countries and the major development partners dedicated to combating land degradation and improving rural livelihoods. CACILM Program is being implemented in a multicountry framework, which includes a 10-year program of activities in each country, based on national programming frameworks, as well as activities spanning all five countries.
The overall long-term environment and development goal of the project:
Global benefits from the CACILM program:
• significant reduction in loss of vital soil in dust storms that create regional and even intercontinental hazards;
• reduction in soil and pesticide runoff into rivers that cause downstream and transboundary water quality deterioration;
• improvements in water availability that will, in turn, help moderate the harsh climate associated with desertification;
• reversal in the loss of carbon stocks sequestered in soils or forests, and hence a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, as agriculture becomes sustainable and forests regenerate; and
• reversal of the loss of biodiversity that is inevitable if the present trend of habitat loss continues.
The environmental objective of the project:
Global environmental benefits are expected to include:
(i) protecting threatened ecosystems of global significance;
(ii) decreasing the basis for transboundary dust and sandstorm events;
(iii) decreasing greenhouse gas emissions and enhancing carbon sequestration; and
(iv) improved management of transboundary waters.
The development objective:
The overall objective of the CACILM partnership framework is the restoration, maintenance, and enhancement of the productive functions of land in the CACs, leading to improved economic and social well-being of those who depend on these resources while preserving the ecological functions of these lands in the spirit of UNCCD. This objective is to be achieved largely through the successful implementation of national programs of the CACs that were developed using a framework formulated under CACILM.
Expected project outcomes include:
The anticipated outcomes of the 10-year program under the CMPF in each CAC can be divided into six groups:
(i) Favorable environment for SLM investments in CACs, supported by SLM mainstreaming and improvements in policies, regulations, and land administration;
(ii) Improved capacity of the institutions in the CACs to adopt integrated land-use planning and management;
(iii) Rehabilitation and improved productivity of selected lands, thereby leading to improved livelihoods, foreign exchange earnings, and food security, and providing indirect protection to threatened ecosystems;
(iv) Enhanced protection of ecosystem integrity and landscapes;
(v) Broader involvement of civil society and other stakeholders in SLM in the CACs; and
(vi) Long-term harmonized commitments of financial and human resources through mainstreaming of SLM in donor programs for Central Asia.