Land Resources

FAO Land Resources - Other Publications

August 2012
Improving Gender Equality in Territorial Issues (IGETI)
Integrated Guidelines

These guidelines intend to provide target users with the knowledge to establish an environment where all actors in a given territory are listened to, sensitized and empowered to speak (and negotiate) for themselves on matters concerning equal access for men, women, youths, the poor to land and territorial development. No one knows better than local actors the prevailing patterns of social, environmental, economic, demographic, institutional change that has been adopted in their region and the influence that these changes - details of local history, environment, socio-economic, indigenous knowledge and skills on land use patterns, social-cultural specific contexts and institutional practices - have had on the local development context, especially in terms of land access and territorial development requirements for women and men. Their expertise should form the basis for the design of any programme that aims to improve their livelihoods, and external actors should start from a clear, direct engagement with them.

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June 2012
Développement territorial participatif et négocié (DTPN)
Un abrégé de proposition méthodologique

L’apparition du concept de territorialité, en matière de développement rural, n’est pas le fruit du hasard mais le résultat des bouleversements économiques et sociaux qui ont lieu dans les pays et du phénomène plus vaste de la globalisation. La territorialité répond à la nécessité d’adaptation des méthodologies, des moyens à mettre en oeuvre et des actions à entreprendre pour faire face à ces changements et à leurs effets indésirables. En outre, le concept de territorialité propose une image différente des questions liées à l’espace territorial et interpelle directement les populations rurales, de plus en plus souvent invitées à se prononcer sur de nouvelles perspectives quant à leur développement.

 Le présent document est le résultat d’un processus de mises au point successives des contributions de divers auteurs, à partir du premier document portant sur le DTPN, disponible en anglais, en espagnol et en portugais à l’adresse suivante http://www.fao.org/sd/dim_pe2/pe2_050402a1_en.htm. Une adaptation portugaise fut ensuite élaborée à partir de ces documents de base (Comunicação, Diálogo, Conciliação) [http://www.fao.org/uploads/media/Comunicacao_Dialogo_conciliacao.pdf] ainsi qu’une traduction en anglais (Dialogue, Consensus and Vision) [ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/012/ak545e/ak545e00.pdf]


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March 2009
Guía para la descripción de suelos. Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Agricultura y la Alimentación, 2009

El objetivo principal de la investigación en la ciencia del suelo es la comprensión de la naturaleza, propiedades, dinámicas y funciones del suelo como parte del paisaje y los ecosistemas. Un requerimiento básico para lograr ese objetivo, es la disponibilidad de información confiable sobre la morfología de los suelos y otras características obtenidas a través del estudio y la descripción del suelo en el campo. Es importante que la descripción del suelo sea hecha exhaustivamente; esto sirve como base para la clasificación del suelo y la evaluación del sitio, así como para realizar interpretaciones sobre la génesis y funciones medioambientales del suelo. Una buena descripción de suelos y el conocimiento derivado en cuanto a la génesis del mismo, son también herramientas útiles para guiar, ayudar en la explicación y regular el costoso trabajo de laboratorio.

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December 2008
Harmonized world soil database(version 1.0. FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISS-CAS/JRC, 2008. FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria).

A new database on the world’s soils improves knowledge of the current and future land productivity as well as the present carbon storage and carbon sequestration potential of the world’s soils. It helps to identify land and water limitations, and assist in assessing the risks of land degradation, particularly soil erosion risks. Derived from the soil database, FAO has produced a global Carbon Gap Map that allows for the identification of areas where soil carbon storage is greatest and the physical potential for billions of tons of additional carbon to be sequestrated in degraded soils. Soil information, from global to local scale, has often been the one missing biophysical information layer, which absence added to the uncertainties of predicting potentials and constraints for food and fibre production. The lack of reliable and harmonized soil data has hampered considerably land degradation assessments, environmental impact studies and adapted sustainable land management interventions.

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December 2008
Farmer field schools on land and water management in Africa. Proceedings of an international workshop in Jinja, Uganda -24–29 April 2006. FAO Rome, 2008

Throughout Africa, degrading land resources and poor water management are serious impediments to the development of agriculture. Inappropriate farming practices result in soil erosion, a loss of soil organic matter and declining fertility and capacity to retain water. Once-fertile soils become compacted and crusted, causing valuable rainwater to run off rather than seep into the ground and carrying with it precious topsoil and nutrients. The results are unhealthy crops due to water and nutrient deficits and the build-up of weeds and diseases, poor and unreliable yields, and chronic water shortages due to lack of recharge of ground water. How to escape from this vicious cycle? FAO and other development organizations have been promoting farmer field schools – an innovative approach to adult education first developed in Southeast Asia for pest management – to improve land and water management in Africa.

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October 2008
Visual Soil Assessment (VSA) Field Guides. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Rome, 2008

The maintenance of good soil quality is vital for the environmental and economic sustainability of annual cropping. A decline in soil quality has a marked impact on plant growth and yield, grain quality, production costs and the increased risk of soil erosion. Therefore, it can have significant consequences on society and the environment. A decline in soil physical properties in particular takes considerable time and cost to correct. Safeguarding soil resources for future generations and minimizing the ecological footprint of annual cropping are important tasks for land managers. Visual Soil Assessment is based on the visual assessment of key soil ‘state’ and plant performance indicators of soil quality, presented on a scorecard. With the exception of soil texture, the soil indicators are dynamic indicators, i.e. capable of changing under different management regimes and land-use pressures. Being sensitive to change, they are useful early warning indicators of changes in soil condition and as such provide an effective monitoring tool.

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April 2006
Guidelines for soil description.FAO,2006

These guidelines are based on the internationally accepted Guidelines for Soil Description (FAO, 1990).Some new international developments in soil information systems and soil classification, such as the Field Book for Describing and Sampling Soils (Schoeneberger et al., 2002) and Keys to Soil Taxonomy (USDA Soil Survey Staff,2003), Updated Global and National Soils and Terrain Digital Databases (ISRIC, 2005) and the second edition of the World Reference Base for Soil Resources (IUSS Working Group WRB, 2006) are taken into consideration.

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March 2006
Guidelines for soil description, 2006

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