Bioenergy developments are high on many countries’ agendas today in an effort to improve
energy access, energy security and in the context of concerted efforts towards lowering
global green house gas emissions. Over time, however, serious concerns on the food
security impacts, social feasibility and sustainability of bioenergy have arisen, especially
with first generation bioenergy. In this context FAO, with generous funding from the
German Federal Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection , set
up the Bioenergy and Food Security (BEFS) project to assess how bioenergy developments
could be implemented without hindering food security. Over its term, the BEFS project has been supporting Peru, Tanzania and Thailand in assessing the feasibility of the bioenergy sector, potential impacts on food security, growth and poverty. The analysis presented in this document is the implementation of the BEFS Analytical Framework in Tanzania.