Land Resources

FAO Land Resources - World Soil Resources Reports

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14 Sep 10
Algae-based Biofuels. Applications and Co-products
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Although the need for dense energy carriers for the aviation industry and other uses is

assured in the foreseeable future, there is currently lack of viable renewable alternatives

to biofuels for that component of the transport sector. Algal biofuels have many advantageous characteristics that would lower impacts on environmental degradation in comparison to biofuel feedstock and in some cases improve the well-being of developing and developed communities. Within the international debate surrounding algal biofuels, there are both endorsement and scepticism coming from scientists with different views on the ability of this source of biofuels to meet a significant portion of fuel demand.

 

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10 Sep 10
Global survey of agricultural mitigation projects
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At the beginning of 2010, a new project, Mitigation of Climate Change in Agriculture was

established at FAO to support efforts to mitigate climate change through agriculture in developing countries and to move towards carbon friendly agricultural practices. As one of the first activities under this project, the participation of smallholders in activities to mitigate greenhouse gases in agriculture will be supported. This involves the development of three to five pilot projects to test on the field the engagement of smallholder farmers in climate change mitigation. It is based on the premise that if changes are implemented in production systems, emissions can be reduced and sinks created in biomass and soils while resilience and productivity of the agricultural systems are increased.

 

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08 Sep 10
A Conceptual Framework for Progressing Towards Sustainability in the Agriculture and Food Sector
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Sustainability is a broadly used term that is said to encompass three dimensions of the environment, economics and social sustainability. Although sustainable development is often presented within the theory of systems analysis, at present, there are no tools that provide a practical approach to assessing sustainability outcomes. This paper identified issues, targets and performance indicators for sustainability. It represents an initial effort by FAO and ISEAL to define a universally agreed framework for sustainability which is intended to be further elaborated through the Rio+20 consultative process.

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07 Sep 10
The Wealth of Waste
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The use of reclaimed water in agriculture is an option that is increasingly being investigated and taken up in regions with water scarcity, growing urban populations and growing demand for irrigation water. This report presents an economic framework for the assessment of the use of reclaimed water in agriculture, as part of a comprehensive

planning process in water resource allocation strategies to provide for a more economically efficient and sustainable water utilization.

 

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06 Sep 10
AQUASTAT Water-related investment envelopes and project portfolios for Africa
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One of the main outcomes of the Ministerial Conference on water for agriculture and energy in Africa: the challenges of climate change (Sirte, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, December 2008) was the production of national investment briefs for all African countries with estimated investment needs in water for agriculture and energy based on a review and updating of the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development and other investment projections at both country and river basin levels. These briefs are now available electronically.

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05 Sep 10
Guidelines on spate irrigation
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Spate irrigation is an ancient practice by which floodwater is diverted from its river bed

and channelled to basins where it is used to irrigate crops and feed drinking-water ponds,

serve forest and grazing land and recharge local aquifers. It has evolved over the centuries and provided rural populations in arid and semi-arid regions with an ingenious way to cope with the aridity of their climate. Today, spate irrigation covers more than 3 million hectares across the world. Although its extent is relatively minor compared to other types of irrigation, it represents a unique option for the management of scarce water resources in support of agricultural production and rural livelihoods in many arid regions.

 

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16 Jul 10
Bioenergy and food security: The BEFS analysis for Tanzania
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Bioenergy developments are high on many countries’ agendas today in an effort to improve

energy access, energy security and in the context of concerted efforts towards lowering

global green house gas emissions. Over time, however, serious concerns on the food

security impacts, social feasibility and sustainability of bioenergy have arisen, especially

with first generation bioenergy. In this context FAO, with generous funding from the

German Federal Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection , set

up the Bioenergy and Food Security (BEFS) project to assess how bioenergy developments

could be implemented without hindering food security. Over its term, the BEFS project has been supporting Peru, Tanzania and Thailand in assessing the feasibility of the bioenergy sector, potential impacts on food security, growth and poverty. The analysis presented in this document is the implementation of the BEFS Analytical Framework in Tanzania.

 

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15 Jul 10
Blowing the whistle on hunger in Samoa
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At the Pacific consultation meeting on the Voluntary Guidelines on governance of tenure in Samoa, participants took time to blow the whistle on hunger as part of the 1 Billion Hungry campaign. The campaign is designed to raise awareness about the nearly one billion people in the world today who continue to suffer from chronic hunger.

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