This project will extend the successful Farmer Field School approach by applying it to address land degradation problems in the Arid and Semi-arid Lands of Kenya in order to link sustainable land management (SLM) to increased agricultural productivity in agro-pastoral and pastoral landscapes.
The project will work in “landscape units” in four ASAL districts, Garissa, Kyuso, Mbeere and Narok that reflect four different land use systems in a changing socio-economic environment. In arid Garissa, where pastoralism remains the dominant land use, the challenge is to show pastoralists how livestock production can be improved by reversing land degradation. In the other districts the emphasis will be on integrated crop-livestock systems and landscape management for sustaining goods and services provided by the ecosystems.
This enhances food security and livelihoods while generating global environmental benefits. In Narok and Mbeere, the landscape units include forested hills with important environmental services being threatened. In Narok, land use is changing rapidly from pastoralism to cropping following land sub-division. Kyuso district is drier and land use consists of mixed farming. In Mbeere, agricultural potential is higher, so livestock is less important. The challenges are representative of wider areas in Kenya and in Sub Saharan Africa.
The project will promote cross-sectoral work among technical sectors and services. In particular the project supports policy harmonisation, provides an enabling environment and guides community and district capacities for SLM.
The project objective will be achieved through three key project outcomes:
Outcome 1: SLM policies, successful practices and innovative mechanisms are mainstreamed into cross-sectoral national and district decision-making processes targeting agro-pastoral land users.
Outcome 2: Strengthened capacity, through FFS experiential learning, to apply sound and viable land use management practices among agropastoralists in target landscapes and ecosystems.
Outcome 3: Strengthened outreach, public awareness, and organizational and leadership capacities for promoting community based SLM at the landscape level.
Project duration: 4 years