Organic agriculture is an increasingly important part of the agriculture sector. Its environmental and economic benefits have captured the attention of many countries. Decreased Government support to agricultural inputs offers an opportunity for the conversion of low-input agricultural systems into more productive organic agricultural systems. Bio-diversification that is brought by organic systems increases agro-ecosystem stability and protects against environmental stress, which in turn improves resilience of farm economies. Consumer demand for organically produced food and fibre products and society's demand for more sustainable development, provide new opportunities for farmers and businesses around the world.
Organic agriculture also presents new challenges for FAO. In particular, Member Nations need advice and information on the potential of organic agriculture to contribute to environmental quality, income generation and food security. Informed decision making on organic agriculture, within the range of sustainable agriculture options, would allow Governments to direct research, extension efforts and tap national and international market opportunities.
- raises the productivity of low-input agricultural systems;
- provides market opportunities;
- offers the opportunity to discover, through traditional knowledge and modern science blending, new and innovative production technologies;
- promotes the national and international public debate on sustainability by creating awareness of environmental and social concerns that merit attention.