In 2010, a study was carried out to assist the Research and Extension Branch in FAO to
position itself strategically in meeting needs and demands that arise as a consequence of
climate change. The goal of the study was also to assist other global and national agencies
meet these needs. This resulted in the report “Facing the challenges of climate change and
food security: the role of research, extension and communication institutions” (Leewis and
This brochure aims to share with institutions, organizations and possible donors the activities that FAO’s Research and Extension Branch (OEKR) is developing in the field of agricultural innovation systems in family farming. It is designed as a folder with a general description of OEKR work and definitions of agricultural innovation systems and family farming.
As part of the former Soviet Union, Belarus was a major food producer, particularly of meat and dairy products. However, since gaining independence in 1991, it hardly instituted any structural reforms in the agricultural sector, largely retaining the former system of subsidised collective and state farms. Agricultural production generally declined following independence, but over the last six years, yields have stabilised and even increased in some instances. Private smallholdings contribute significantly to agricultural production. Following the nuclear accident at Chernobyl in 1986, a sizeable area of the productive agricultural land and forest remains contaminated with radioactive fallout.
Assessment of National Agricultural Research and Extension Systems in CEMAC countries and strategies on how to strengthen capacity for the dissemination of agricultural knowledge and technologies
This publication examines a project for the Communauté économique et monétaire de l’Afrique centrale (CEMAC), the Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa. The project aims to assist the Executive Secretariat of CEMAC in drafting a development plan for a sustainable network of knowledge transfer and agricultural technologies generated by research.
Assessment of the National Agricultural Research and Extension System in Congo and strategies on how to strengthen capacity for the dissemination of agricultural knowledge and technologies
This publication examines the current system of research and extension systems in the Congo and further explores options for the knowledge sharing and technology transfer.
This 152-page, by J. Ruane and A. Sonnino, is published under the FAO Research and Technology series and presents the background and summary documents from a series of six moderated e-mail conferences hosted by the FAO Biotechnology Forum from 2002 to 2005, relating to agricultural biotechnology for the crop, forestry, animal, fisheries and agro-industry sectors in developing countries. Three of the six conferences focused on genetically modified organisms (GMOs), dealing with gene flow from GM to non-GM populations; regulation of GMOs; and participation of the rural people in decision-making regarding GMOs.
The objective of this study is to identify the information and communication needs of relevant institutions and stakeholders from the national agricultural research system, extension services, NGOs, farmers’ associations, representatives from rural men, women and youth, and larger agricultural enterprises in Ukraine. Representatives from the 18 most important national agricultural organizations were interviewed. The organizations interviewed confirmed that ICT is fairly well adopted in Ukraine. But there is clear dichotomy: while offices in Kiev are well equipped, modern technology is scarce in the rural areas.
This publication comprises an annotated and abstracted bibliography of case studies in the field of agricultural and natural resource management (NRM) research, as well as an analysis of these studies. The cases cited are examples of the application of participatory research methods within different agricultural and NRM disciplines. An attempt has also been made to compile studies and examples of participatory research in Central and Eastern Europe and countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States.
An FAO commissioned study of: ‘Needs Assessment for Information and Communication Capacity Building for Improved Agriculture in three East European Countries: Romania, Croatia and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (T.F.Y.R. of Macedonia) – conducted by G.C. Holt, University of Reading, UK – assessed ICT infrastructure and application for agricultural research in five Macedonian agricultural organizations and their partners. Most of the arable land of T.F.Y.R. of Macedonia (approx. 80 percent) is cultivated by small farmers (average farm size 1-3 ha).
Romania’s National Agricultural Research System (NARS) has been restructured since the fall of the communist regime in 1989, and the Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Science (AAFS) is now coordinating all agricultural research. The Universities are focusing on education with little to no involvement in research or extension, though ongoing efforts are underway to create private consulting services. The national extension service has been reorganized recently under the National Consulting Agency, ANCA, created in 1998.