Recherche & vulgarisation

Publications

May 2005
In 2003, FAO launched an on-line searchable database called FAO-BioDeC, providing information on biotechnology products/techniques in use or in the pipeline in developing countries (including countries with economies in transition). This report by Z. Dhlamini, C. Spillane, J.P. Moss, J. Ruane, N. Urquia and A. Sonnino, provides a first analysis of about 2,000 crop-sector entries from 71 developing countries contained in the database as of 31 August 2004. Entries cover genetically modified (GM) crops and non-GM biotechnologies (such as micropropagation, molecular markers, diagnostics (e.g. ELISA) and microbial techniques).

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May 2005
Agricultural biotechnology is a national priority and following ratification of a national agricultural biotechnology programme, implemented in 2001-2005, a national commission was established to address issues of biotechnology and biosafety policy.

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May 2005
This paper analyses the main trends foreseen for developments in African agriculture, food and nutrition, inputs and natural resource use, and also the challenges emanating from the trends. It discusses the role of research and technology dissemination and adoption as key elements that need to be incorporated into a long-term, sustainable, strategy for the agricultural development of Africa. Finally, the last section highlights the main components that require more short-term, immediate actions and investments to avert food insecurity in Africa.

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Feb 2005
This paper, firstly, analyzes the main global trends and challenges foreseen for developments in agriculture, food, nutrition and trade; secondly, it examines the role of scientific research and technology in dealing with the various challenges and opportunities and, finally, it discusses paradigm shifts, policy adjustments and strategies for harnessing science, technology and knowledge towards enhanced and sustained agrarian prosperity.

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Jan 2005
This publications provides information about buffalo species throughout the world and explores their importance for the livelihoods of many rural families in developing countries. The publication illustrates the buffalo's importance as a draught animal, but also its role as a source of meat, horns, skin and the rich milk that provides creams, butter, yoghurt and many cheeses.

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Jul 2004

Sélection assistée par marqueurs – Résumé de la conférence électronique de la FAO

Ce document propose la synthèse de la Conférence électronique de la FAO : "la sélection assistée par marquage moléculaire, un outil puissant pour l'amélioration génétique des cultures, des arbres forestiers, du bétail et du poisson dans les pays en développement". En dix pages, ce document offre une synthèse très claire des principales questions et préoccupations débattues par les participants à cette conférence électronique avec modérateur, accueillie par le Forum biotechnologique de la FAO du 17 novembre au 14 décembre 2003. Pendant les quatre semaines de la conférence, 85 messages ont été mis en ligne, 60% d'entre eux provenant de pays ...read more

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Jan 2004
All walnut species of the genus Juglans are trees or large shrubs having shoots with chambered piths, large aromatic compound leaves, staminate catkins on one year old wood and female flowers on the top of the current year's twigs. The husked fruit is a false drupe containing a large woody-shelled nut. All Juglans produce edible nuts, although size and extrability differ considerably. Most species are highly regarded for their timber. The genus Juglans consists of approximately 20 species grouped taxonomically into four sections: Rhysocaryon, Cardiocaryon, and Trachycaryon, Dioscaryon.

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Apr 2002
Published as FAO Research and Technology Paper 8, it presents a report of the first six e-mail conferences hosted by the FAO Biotechnology Forum from March 2000 to May 2001. Each conference was moderated, lasted roughly two months and focused on agricultural biotechnology in developing countries. The first four dealt with the appropriateness of currently available biotechnologies in the crop, fishery, forestry and livestock sectors, while the remaining two dealt with the implications of agricultural biotechnology for hunger and food security and the impact of intellectual property rights. The publication includes the background and summary documents for each of the ...read more

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Jan 2001
C'est sur mandat du plan d'action du sommet alimentaire mondial que ces directives ont été développées. L'objectif 3.4 du troisième engagement de ce plan d'action précise que "les gouvernements, en collaboration avec la communauté internationale et scientifique, dans le secteur public et/ou dans le secteur privé, en tant que de besoin, renforceront les systèmes nationaux de recherche pour coordonner le développement de programmes de recherche en appui à la sécurité alimentaire". Se penchant sur les moyens de réaliser cet objectif, la FAO, le programme conjoint d'appui à la recherche pour la gestion de l'agriculture durable et les ressources naturelles (SANREM ...read more

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