Land registration and cadastre
FAO works with the World Bank on the design, implementation and supervision of land registration projects.
The Solutions for Open Source Software (SOLA) project aims to promote affordable IT-systems (Information Technology systems) that enable improvements in transparency and equity of governance. Through the development and re-use of open source software, it aims to make computerized cadastre and registration systems more affordable and sustainable in developing countries. Three countries (Samoa, Nepal and Ghana) have been identified for pilot implementation of the software.
An E-learning Seminar on Open Source Software in Land Administration examined the use of open source software within land administration. A recording and presentations of this Open Source E-Learning session and seminar can be viewed online.
The SOLA software Customisation version is now available from FLOSS-SOLA.org. This version has been used as the starting point for the 3 pilot customisations in Ghana, Nepal and Samoa and includes core generic functionality to support typical district land office registration and cadastre processes including access to and maintenance of a digital cadastre map, the record of rights and restrictions and a digital archive of land records.
Russian Federation - Extensive improvements of state registration and cadastre services planned in the next 5 years
Nation-wide improvements in quality and availability of state registration and cadastre services are planned over the next five years in the Russian Federation. Currently 24 percent of all applications are processed electronically and the aim is to reach 70 percent by 2018. The Russian Federation Service for State Registration, Cadastre and Cartography (RosReestr) began formal implementation of an ambitious roadmap on 1 January 2013.
Many of the planned reforms are already under pilot implementation and most of the required underlying IT infrastructure has been installed. RosReestr has planned to concentrate 90 percent of back office operations into six centers in economically less developed regions. Simplified procedures at a local level, improved staff efficiency and improved office and staff management are planned to save time and funds and minimize opportunities for corrupt practices. A pilot implementation of the first interregional “mega” IT centre in Krasnoyarsk, Siberia, was successfully completed in May 2013.
FAO and the World Bank are committed to continue their support to the Government of Russia through investment and knowledge sharing in order to achieve the goals of the project, and to share information about the country’s rapidly evolving property registration system for the benefit of other countries in the region and beyond that are undertaking similar reforms.
Read more about the initiative: EN | RU
Ukraine – Improving efficiency, transparency and access to information in the property sector
On January 14, 2013 Ukraine began the implementation of a new Law on Cadastre, a new Law on Registration and the operation of an electronic cadastre system that is improving efficiency, transparency and access to information in the property sector. The Rural Land Titling and Cadastre Development Project, financed by the World Bank and assisted technically by FAO, supported the issuance of state land deeds and the development of mapping and the electronic cadastral system.
The national rollout of the system was completed and included:
- training of 1900 system operators;
- scanning, indexing and verification of 16.7 million property records;
- provision of computers, software and broadband to all 592 local offices to communicate nationally and store all records in a single national database;
- an on-line portal with a cadastral map allowing users to submit queries about land parcels and to request correction of errors;
- a geographic information system that helps prevent the superimposition of parcels;
- automatic data exchange with the State Registration Service, which registers legal rights to land parcel.
Future goals for the IT system stress continual quality improvement through plans to:
- increase the coverage and the quality of data;
- offer new e-services;
- link property registration and cadastre with other key government registers;
- build standardized Spatial Data Infrastructure
Ukraine has enormous potential for growth in agriculture and in cities. To support these growth processes, governance of tenure, including accurate and authoritative spatial information, creates enabling conditions. FAO, working in partnership with the World Bank, will continue to support the improvement of governance of tenure of land under a new Bank proposal. FAO is also continuing its dialogue with Ukraine about land governance within the framework of the Guidelines.
Find out more about the initiative: EN | RU
Western Balkans: Making land administration services more accessible to vulnerable groups
A pilot Leadership Program on Inclusive and Informed Land Administration in the Western Balkans helped target countries (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia) form teams of land tenure, social and gender specialists, representing policy-makers, service providers (both from public and private sectors) and NGOs. This joint FAO and World Bank initiative began in May 2013 and has led to the formulation of reform proposals to make land administration services more accessible to vulnerable groups.
Obstacles that prevent vulnerable groups from registering and enforcing their land rights were identified and further specified through discussions during a week-long leadership workshop organized in Montenegro in June 2013. The workshop combined technical content with leadership skills building activities. The Guidelines and Governance of Tenure Technical Guide 1: Governing land for women and men helped teams improve their initial proposals. Action plans will now be executed.