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Economy, agriculture and food security
In 2014, the gross domestic product (GDP) was US$ 4 030 million and agriculture accounted for 12 percent of GDP, while in 1994 it accounted for 21 percent.
Subsistence farming and sugarcane production have traditionally been the pillar of Fiji’s agriculture. Over the past ten years, these subsectors have shrunk while the shares of other crops, livestock, and the public sector have increased. The “other crops” subsector is mainly driven by the root crops and horticulture industry.
Fiji’s export of sugar, fish, crude coconut oil, root crops, and horticultural crops is facing international competition. The country is still importing many of its basic food requirements such as rice, meat and milk. The country’s transformation from subsistence to commercial agriculture is slow. The government is working to generate the fund and attract investment necessary to finance the modernization of Fiji’s agriculture (MoA, 2014). The Ministry of Agriculture identifies fruits and vegetables amongst the priorities for export promotion (Fink et al, 2013).
Beef and dairy production dominates the livestock subsector. Both industries have been in decline in the past decade due to low private sector investment, diseases, and poor quality breeding and milking stock.Pork, poultry and goat production, on the other hand, have performed reasonable well (MoA, 2014).
In recent years, a strong tourism industry has driven the economic growth in Fiji (PACC, 2015).