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Water use

Between 1985 and 1990, the total water withdrawal decreased from 4 600 to 3 500 million m3 because of the industrial decline since the end of the Soviet Union. During 2005 the total water withdrawal was 1 621 million m3, 66 percent of which came from surface water and 34 percent from groundwater (Table 3 and Figuere 1). Agricultural water withdrawal accounted for 1 055 million m3 and water withdrawal for municipal purposes for 358 million m3. Industrial water withdrawal was estimated at 208 million m3 (Figuere 2).


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