Read the full profile
Geography, climate and population
Grenada is a tri-island state, located at longitude 61º4’W and latitude 12º4’N. It is situated 145 km north of Trinidad and Tobago and is the most southerly of the Windward Islands. The total area of the country is 340 km2. Grenada, which is 34 km long and 19 km wide, accounts for 89 percent of the area, and Carriacou and Petit Martinique account for 10 percent and 1 percent respectively. Grenada is mostly volcanic in origin, of steep rugged topography, with a main mountain chain running almost north-south in two main sections. The island is politically divided into six parishes, all of them on the island of Grenada (Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint George, Saint John, Saint Mark and Saint Patrick), and 1 dependency (Carriacou and Petite Martinique together). The capital is Saint George’s.
The Draft Land Development Policy of the Ministry of Agriculture (1995) classifies 74.9 percent of the total land mass, or 25 500 ha, as being suitable for agriculture. In 2012, the total physical cultivated area was estimated at 10 000 ha, of which 70 percent (7 000 ha) consisted of permanent crops and 30 percent (3 000 ha) of temporary crops. Permanent meadows and pasture cover 1 000 ha, which brings to total agricultural area to 11 000 ha (Table 1).
The climate can be classified as semi-tropical with a marked dry season from January to May and a wet season running from June to December. Spatial variations in annual rainfall range from about 1 000 mm near the coast to more than 4 500 mm in the central mountains, with an average totaling 2 350 mm.
In 2013, the total population was about 106 000 inhabitants, of which around 60 percent was rural (Table 1). Population density is 312 inhabitants/km2. The average annual population growth rate in the 2003-2013 period has been estimated at 0.2 percent.
In 2012, 97 percent of the total population had access to improved water sources (99 and 95 percent in urban and rural areas respectively) and 98 percent of the total population had access to improved sanitation (both in urban and rural areas).