Español || Français
      AQUASTAT Home        About AQUASTAT     FAO Water    Statistics at FAO

Featured products

Main Database
Global map of irrigation areas
Irrigation water use
Water and gender
Climate info tool

Geographical entities

Countries, regions, river basins


Water resources
Water uses
Irrigation and drainage
Institutional framework
Other themes

Information type

Summary tables
Maps and spatial data

Info for the media

Did you know...?
Visualizations and infographics
SDG Target 6.4
UNW Briefs

Read the full profile


Water use

Water withdrawals increased regularly until the mid-1980s. Over the past two decades withdrawals have slightly decreased in the agricultural sector mainly because of the adoption of water conservation methods, and in industry as a result of the sector’s decline since independence.

Total annual water withdrawal fluctuated between 19.7 and 28.8 km3 during 1995–2002 (UNDP, 2003).

In 2010, total water withdrawal was an estimated 21.143 km3, of which 14.002 km3 or 66 percent was for agriculture (including irrigation, livestock and aquaculture), 0.878 km3 or 4 percent for municipal, 6.263 km3 or 30 percent for industry (Table 4 and Figure 1). Of total withdrawal, 18.959 km3 or 89.7 percent is for primary and secondary surface water, 1.029 km3 or 4.9 percent, primary and secondary groundwater, 0.853 km3 or 4 percent desalinated water, 0.194 km3 or 0.9 percent direct use of treated wastewater, and 0.108 km3 or 0.5 percent direct use of agricultural drainage (Figure 2).

Water from the Syr Darya, Ili, Chu, Talas and Irtysh rivers is mainly used for irrigation. The most intensive use is in Kyzylorda, South Kazakhstan and Almaty provinces, where 90 percent of overall irrigation water is used (UNDP, 2003).

Central heating energy enterprises, metallurgy and the oil industry account for the bulk of industrial water withdrawal. Three provinces use 90 percent of all industrial water: Karagandy (43 percent), Pavlodar (41 percent) and East Kazakhstan (6 percent) (UNDP, 2003).


^ go to top ^

       Quote as: FAO. 2016. AQUASTAT website. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Website accessed on [yyyy/mm/dd].
      © FAO, 2016   |   Questions or feedback?    [email protected]
       Your access to AQUASTAT and use of any of its information or data is subject to the terms and conditions laid down in the User Agreement.