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Saint Kitts and Nevis

Environment and health

Recent studies conducted in the Basseterre Valley Watershed have identified the following issues:

  • A trend of declining static water levels in the Basseterre well field and early signs of salt water intrusion
  • The potential for degradation of groundwater quality from domestic soak-away pits, agricultural pollution and industrial developments in the watershed
  • Threats to the watershed recharge areas from improper land usage and insufficient development planning, leading to watershed degradation and deforestation
  • Threats to the existing freshwater aquifer from climate change induced sea-level rise

The groundwater aquifers in the country are being impacted on by sea level rise and will eventually be negatively impacted by saline intrusion due to climate change.

Pressure for agricultural land has caused small farmers to clear forested plots along slopes for farming, causing deforestation, soil erosion and water pollution (UNDP, 2012).


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