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Saint Kitts and Nevis
Prospects for agricultural water management
Maintaining the water system infrastructure to deliver clean and safe drinking water to customers is a great challenge for all public water system (PWS) operators. Much of the estimated 160 km of pipelines in Saint Kitts has been in service for decades and can be a significant source of water loss. In addition to physical loss of water from the distribution system, water can be ôlostö through unauthorized consumption or theft, administrative errors, data handling errors, and metering inaccuracies or failure. A water loss control or reduction programme can help to locate and reduce these water losses and thus maintain or increase revenue for the PWS. Such programmes can also protect public health through reduction in potential entry points of disease-causing pathogens.
Demand for water will augment in the near future due to population increase and tourism demand, in particular the emerging golf sector. Frequent water demand analyses will need to be undertaken to determine the capacity of the Water Services Department to respond to the increased demand. The construction of desalination plants could help to cope with increasing demands (Ministry of Sustainable Development, 2007).