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Republic of Korea

Water use

In 2002, total water withdrawal was an estimated 25.47 km3, of which 15.8 km3 (62 percent) for agriculture, 6.62 km3 (26 percent) for municipalities and 3.05 km3 (12 percent) for industries (Table 3 and Figure 1).

Rapid industrialization and economic growth have changed the pattern of water demand. Municipal and industrial water withdrawal increased steadily from 10 and almost 0 percent respectively in 1975 to 26 and 11 percent respectively in 1994, while agricultural water withdrawal decreased from 90 to 63 percent in the same period.

In 2000, approximately 0.16 million m3 of seawater was being desalinized at 16 stations to supply drinking water, mostly on island areas (ICID, 2002).


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