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Prospects for agricultural water management
Kuwait is planning to reclaim more land in order to provide food for the population by putting it under irrigation. This will increase irrigated areas and boost demand for water in the irrigation sector. Faced with these conditions, it is imperative to rationalize the water use efficiency of the existing water resources and to increase the supply as much as possible. The water economy of the country is based on non-conventional sources of water. The use of treated wastewater becomes one of the most important solutions for extending irrigation of agricultural crops and landscape. While its use poses potential health hazards and environmental problems, these could be faced effectively with the available technology and good management. It is the main source of non-conventional water that can be used in a cost-effective manner for irrigation. Desalinated water can also be used, but because of its high cost only high-value cash crops produced under intensive conditions are cost-effective today (FAO, 2005).
Waterlogging and salinization problems are prevalent, which underlines the urgent need to improve drainage, both for agricultural and landscaping areas and to convince the farmers/users of the need for adequate drainage facilities.