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Economy, agriculture and food security
In 2013, the gross domestic product (GDP) was US$ 1 332 million. In 2012, agriculture accounted for 4 percent of GDP, while in 1992 it accounted for 13 percent. Since 1990 the economy has undergone a structural adjustment that saw the service sector, and in particular tourism, leading economic growth. Between 1990 and 2006, the contribution of the tourism sector moved from 9 percent to 13 percent. At present, the economic growth and development is centred around tourism, agriculture, infrastructural development and commercial sectors, with tourism being at the centre of the thrust.
Whereas the contribution of agriculture to GDP is likely to show further decline because of emerging external market conditions, the sector will remain a key component of the local economy for employment generation, foreign exchange earnings and food security as well as to retard urban drift. In 2013, total population economically active in agriculture is estimated at 17 000 inhabitants (19 percent of economically active population), of which 24 percent is female and 76 percent is male.
The government has approved a National Vision Plan which is a sector development plan that represents, in broad terms, the development priorities for each of the four main regions of the country. It is a broad-based land use plan developed to support the expansion of the tourism infrastructure, of housing and of industry, as well as to support some measure of environmental sustainability.