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Water use

In 1996, total water withdrawal from groundwater (80 percent) and surface water (20 percent) was equal to 400 million m3, of which 138 million m3 (34.6 percent) for livestock, including irrigated fodder production, 32 million m3 (7.9 percent) for irrigation of other crops, 101 million m3 (25.2 percent) for municipalities, 103 million m3 (25.8 percent) for industry and 26 million m3 (6.5 percent) for other needs (Myagmarjav and Davaa, 1999).

In 2005, total water withdrawal was about 511 million m3, of which around 227 million m3 (44 percent) for agriculture, 122 million m3 (24 percent) for municipalities and 162 million m3 (32 percent) for industries (Table 4 and Figure 1). About 82 percent, or 419 million m3, was contributed by groundwater resources (Figure 2).


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