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Water use

The total water withdrawal in 2000 was estimated at 884 million m│, of which 78 percent for agricultural purposes. In 2015, total water demand is estimated at 1 473 million m│ (Table 4 and Figure 1). The main demand of water remains agriculture, accounting for 1 076 million m│ (73 percent), of which 958 million m│ for irrigation of crops, 71 million m│ for livestock and 47 million m│ for forestry. The municipal sector demands 372 million m│ (25 percent) and the industrial sector 25 million m│ (2 percent) (NEPAD, 2013).

The main source of water in Mozambique is surface water, with increasing water scarcity in the Umbeluzi, Limpopo and Buzi river basins. However, groundwater is utilized on a large scale in a number of urban centres for drinking water supply, as well as in rural areas.


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