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Economy, agriculture and food security
The total population economically active in agriculture in 2009 was an estimated 1.64 million, amounting to 13 percent of the economically active population, of which 21 percent were women. Gross domestic product in 2009 was US$193 093 million and agriculture accounted for 10 percent of GDP, compared with 15 percent in 1990.
The agriculture sector is divided into large-scale plantations concentrating on three crops ľ rubber, oil palm and cocoa and most of the farming population are smallholders. In 1995, palm oil, rubber and saw logs accounted for more than 58 percent of total agricultural exports.