Read the full profile
Main sources of information
AST & MOA. 1961. Agricultural system of Turkmenistan. Academy of Sciences of Turkmenistan & Ministry of Agriculture. Published in Russian.
Berdiyev, A. 2005. National water law of Turkmenistan and international agreements on transboundary water, Lectures on international and national water law and policy. ICWC Training Centre. Published in Russian and English.
Berdiyev, A. 2006. Progress in domestic water supply in view of the achievement of UN Millennium Development Goals, issues of the implementation of integrated water resourse management in view of the achievement of UN Millennium Development Goals (national seminar materials). (Turkmen)
EBRD. 2006. Turkmenistan - EBRD country factsheet. European Bank for Reconstruction and Development.
FAO. 1997. Irrigation in the countries of the former Soviet Union in figures. FAO Water Report No. 15. Rome, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
GoT. Official site of Turkmen government (including legislation). Government of Turkmenistan.
GoT. 1992. Constitution of Turkmenistan. Government of Turkmenistan.
GoT. 2002. National Programme Strategy of economical, political and cultural development of Turkmenistan up to 2020. Government of Turkmenistan. (Turkmen and Russian)
GoT. 2004a. Land Code of Turkmenistan. Government of Turkmenistan. (Turkmen and Russian)
GoT. 2004b. Water Code of Turkmenistan. Government of Turkmenistan. (Turkmen and Russian)
GoT. 2007a. Draft of the Law of Turkmenistan About farmer unions. Government of Turkmenistan.(Turkmen and Russian)
GoT. 2007b. Draft of the Law of Turkmenistan. About individual farmer enterprise. Government of Turkmenistan (Turkmen and Russian)
Hydro Meteo Center. 1976. Surface water resources of USSR, Vol.14, Central Asia. Gidrometeoizdat USSR Gidrometcentr. (Russian)
ICWC. Web site: www.sic.icwc-aral.uz. Interstate Commission for Water Coordination.
Ministry of Health & Medical Industry. 2007. Presentation of sanitary-epidemiologic service of the Ministry of Health and Medical Industry of Turkmenistan at WHO organized Conference devoted to launch of malaria elimination campaign. Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, 31 May 2007.
MWE. 1989. Watering regimes on agricultural crops. Ministry of the Water Economy. (Russian)
MWE. 1993. Annual report on irrigation schemes maintenance. Ministry of the Water Economy. (Russian)
MWE. 1998. Report on water & soil survey of the irrigated land of Turkmenistan. Water & soil monitoring service under the Ministry of the Water Economy. (Russian)
MWE. 2007. Programme for development of agriculture for the period up to year 2030 – water sector. Ministry of the Water Economy. (Turkmen)
MWE, MNP, MOF, MOA, National Agency ‘Turkmengeology’, National Agency ‘Turkmenstandardlary’. 2002. National environmental action plan of Turkmenistan. Ministry of the Water Economy, Ministry of the Natural Protection, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Agriculture. (Turkmen, Russian and English)
National Bureau. 2000. Women in development. National report on the status of women in Turkmenistan (Russian)
Orlovsky N. & Orlovsky L. After 2002. Water resources of Turkmenistan: use and conservation. Israel, The Jacob Blaustein Institute for Desert Research, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev.
SIWI. 2010. Regional Water Intelligence Report Central Asia. Stockholm International Water Institute.
Stanchin I. & Lerman Z. 2006. Water in Turkmenistan. In: (Eds.) M. Spoor and M. Arsel. 2008. The Last Drop. Water, security, and sustainable development in Central Eurasia. London, Routledge, 2008.
Turkmenmillihasabat. 2005. Statistical yearbook of Turkmenistan. National Institute of State Statistics and Information of Turkmenistan. (Turkmen)
Turkmengeology. 2004. The fresh groundwater resources of Turkmenistan register. (Russian)
UNDP. 2004. Water resources of Kazakhstan in the new millennium. New York, United Nations Development. Programme
World Bank. 2006. Structure of output. Table 4.2 – Structure of output. Washington, DC.