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Trinidad and Tobago
Economy, agriculture and food security
In 2013, the gross domestic product (GDP) was US$ 24 641 million. In 2012 agriculture accounted for 1 percent of GDP, while in 1992 it accounted for 3 percent. In 2013, total population economically active in agriculture is estimated at 44 000 inhabitants (6 percent of economically active population), of which 16 percent is female and 84 percent is male.
The country is highly industrialized compared to other Caribbean islands, as a consequence of the country’s oil and natural gas resources. The country also has a small but rapidly growing tourism industry concentrated mainly in Tobago (WRA, 2001).
Since the oil boom era of the 1970s agriculture has been declining steadily both in terms of national production and exports. Sugar, cocoa beans, coffee and citrus fruits are the main agricultural products.