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International water issues
Viet Nam is a downstream riparian state for most of its transboundary rivers, of which the six major ones are: the Bang-Ky Cung and Red rivers, coming from China; the Ma and Ca, coming from Lao People’s Democratic Republic; and the Dong Nai and Mekong, coming from Cambodia. Most of the rivers flow to the Gulf of Tonkin and the South China Sea. The Bang-Ky Cung flows to China, and the Srepok to the Mekong in Cambodia.
The government has obtained many agreements with the neighbouring countries related to the exploitation and management of these rivers, such as water allocation, pollution management, flood control and others. The agreement established in 1995 by the four lower Mekong riparian countries offers new opportunities for regional collaboration in developing the basin’s water and related ecological resources. Some examples of promising collaboration are related to flood control in the Mekong delta with Cambodia, and the possible importation of hydropower from upper riparians.