Gender refers to the cultural and social characteristics that men and women are given in their society. Gender differences are historically, religiously, economically and culturally defined and perceived as static. Gender differences are not biologically determined and change with circumstances and over time. Gender deals with the division of work, the different responsibilities, tasks and skills and the different rights men and women have. It also deals with the access to and control over resources, the expected behavior, taboos and privileges and the connected status of men and women. Gender interacts and reinforces power differences in age, ethnicity, socio-economic status, etc.
Economics, policy, institutions, Geography, land, soil, population, Irrigation, agricultural water management
FAO. 2013. Passport to Mainstreaming Gender in Water Programmes: Key questions for interventions in the agricultural sector. Prepared by: Esther de Jong, Juan Antonio Sagardoy and Ilaria Sisto. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.