E - External data    I - AQUASTAT estimate    K - Aggregate data    L - Modelled data
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Latest value(s)
Fresh surface water withdrawal (primary and secondary)
(10^9 m3/year)
Fresh groundwater withdrawal (primary and secondary)
(10^9 m3/year)
Total freshwater withdrawal (primary and secondary)
(10^9 m3/year)
Desalinated water produced
(10^9 m3/year)
Direct use of treated municipal wastewater
(10^9 m3/year)
Direct use of agricultural drainage water
(10^9 m3/year)
World | Africa      
Algeria4.8(2012)3(2012)7.81I(2012)0.615(2012)  
Angola  0.7057I(2005)0.0001I(2005)  
Benin0.089I(2001)0.041(2001)0.13I(2001)   
Botswana0.064I(2000)0.13I(2000)0.194(2000)   
Burkina Faso 0.011(1998)0.818I(2005) 0.0013(2011) 
Burundi  0.288I(2000)   
Cabo Verde  0.0203I(2001)0.0017I(2001)  
Cameroon  0.9664I(2000)   
Central African Republic  0.0725I(2005)   
Chad  0.8796I(2005)   
Comoros  0.01(1999)   
Congo0.022(2002)0.024(2002)0.046I(2002)   
Côte d'Ivoire  1.549I(2005)   
Democratic Republic of the Congo  0.6836I(2005)   
Djibouti0.001I(2000)0.018I(2000)0.0188I(2000)0.0001I(2000)0.0001(2000) 
Egypt 8.045(2010)73.8(2010)0.2(2010)1.3(2010)2.7(2010)
Equatorial Guinea  0.0174I(2000)   
Eritrea  0.582(2004)   
Eswatini  1.042I(2000)   
Ethiopia  10.55K(2016) 0(2002) 
Gabon  0.1391I(2005)   
Gambia  0.0905I(2000)   
Ghana  0.982I(2000)   
Guinea0.666(1987)0.074(1987)0.5533I(2001)   
Guinea-Bissau0.144(2000)0.031(2000)0.175(2000)   
Kenya  3.218(2010)   
Lesotho  0.0438I(2000)   
Liberia  0.1308I(2000)   
Libya0.17(2012)5.55I(2012)5.76(2012)0.07(2012)  
Madagascar 0.024(2001)13.56I(2006)   
Malawi  1.357I(2005)   
Mali5.125I(2006)0.061I(2006)5.186(2006)   
Mauritania  1.348I(2005)0.002I(2005)  
Mauritius0.577(2003)0.148(2003)0.725(2003)   
Morocco8.251(2010)2.322(2010)10.35(2010)0.007(2010)0.07(2008) 
Mozambique  1.473(2015)   
Namibia0.1566I(2002)0.1253I(2002)0.2819I(2002)0.0003I(2000)0.0058(2013) 
Niger0.04I(1988)0.46I(1988)0.9836I(2005)   
Nigeria  12.47I(2010)0.003I(2000)  
Rwanda  0.15(2000)   
Sao Tome and Principe  0.007(1993)   
Senegal  2.221I(2002)0.00005I(2002)  
Seychelles0.0116I(1989)0.0003I(1989)0.0127I(2005)0.001I(2003)0.000006I(2003) 
Sierra Leone  0.2122I(2005)   
Somalia3.167I(2003)0.131I(2003)3.298I(2003)0.0001I(2003)  
South Africa12.12I(2013)1.77(2010)15.5(2013)0.018I(2000)1.61(2009) 
South Sudan  0.658(2011)   
Sudan  26.93(2011)   
Togo  0.169(2002)   
Tunisia1.151(2011)2.066K(2011)3.217I(2011)0.0197(2012)0.068(2010) 
Uganda  0.637(2008)   
United Republic of Tanzania  5.184K(2002)   
Zambia1.68(1992)0.067(1992)1.572I(2002)   
Zimbabwe3.785I(2002)0.42I(2002)3.57(2007)   
World | Americas      
Antigua and Barbuda0.0037(2012)0.0007(2012)0.0044(2012)0.0071(2012)  
Argentina26.36(2011)11.33(2011)37.69(2011)0.0007I(2000)0.091I(2011) 
Bahamas   0.0074(2000)  
Barbados  0.07I(2005)0.011(2005)  
Belize  0.101(2000)   
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)  2.088I(2009)   
Brazil  74.78I(2010)0.04I(2010)0.009(2008) 
Canada40.34E(1996)1.871E(1996)38.8K(2009)0.0027I(2009)  
Chile32.59I(2006)2.778(2003)35.36I(2006)0.0645(2012)0(2009) 
Colombia10.69I(2008)1.073(2008)11.77I(2008)   
Costa Rica1.554(2013)0.7933(2013)2.347(2013)0.0031(2013)  
Cuba4.314(2013)2.644(2013)6.959I(2013)0.0004I(2013)  
Dominica0.02I(2010)0I(2010)0.02I(2010)   
Dominican Republic 0.386(1993)7.137I(2010)   
Ecuador  9.916I(2005)0.0022I(2005)  
El Salvador1.483I(2005)0.635I(2005)2.118(2005)0.0001I(2005)  
Grenada0.0131I(2014)0.001I(2014)0.0141I(2014)   
Guatemala  3.324(2006)   
Guyana  1.445I(2010)   
Haiti  1.45I(2009)   
Honduras1.443I(2003)0.164(2003)1.607(2003)0.0002I(2000)  
Jamaica0.074I(1993)0.8535I(1993)0.8115I(2007)0.0005I(2007)  
Mexico52.35(2015)33.31(2015)85.66(2015)0.0191I(2008)0.804(2011) 
Nicaragua  1.545I(2011)0.0002I(2008)0.0011(2000) 
Panama  1.037(2010)   
Paraguay1.969I(2012)0.444I(2011)2.413I(2012)0.000008(2011)  
Peru11.8I(2008)1.765(2008)13.56(2008)0.0054I(2008)0.0303(2012)0.062(2010)
Puerto Rico0.844(2010)0.1727(2010)1.017(2010)   
Saint Kitts and Nevis0.0046I(2012)0.0076I(2012)0.0123I(2012)0.0033I(2012)  
Saint Lucia  0.0429I(2007)   
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines0.0079(2013)0(2013)0.0079I(2013)0.0006I(2013)  
Suriname0.5666K(2006)0.0493K(2006)0.6159(2006)   
Trinidad and Tobago0.2284(2011)0.1078(2011)0.3362I(2011)0.047(2011)  
United States of America313.9(2010)104.9(2010)418.7(2010)0.58I(2010)2.774(2008) 
Uruguay3.52(2000)0.14(2000)3.66(2000)   
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)  22.62I(2007)0.0052I(2007)  
World | Asia      
Afghanistan17.24(1998)3.042(1998)20.28I(2000)   
Armenia2.216(2006)0.611(2006)3.272(2015) 0.0001I(2006) 
Azerbaijan10.79(2004)0.707(2004)11.97(2012)   
Bahrain0(2003)0.2387(2003)0.2387(2003)0.1024(2003)0.016(2012) 
Bangladesh7.39(2008)28.48(2008)35.87(2008)   
Bhutan0.3379(2008)0(2008)0.3379I(2008)  0.0001I(2008)
Brunei Darussalam0.0915I(1994)0.0005I(1994)0.092(1994)   
Cambodia  2.184(2006)   
China484.9(2015)106.9(2015)594.2(2015)0.0109(2008)3.86(2013) 
Democratic People's Republic of Korea  8.658I(2005)   
Georgia1.197(2005)0.616(2005)1.823(2008)   
India396.5(2010)251(2010)647.5I(2010)0.0006I(2010) 113.5I(2010)
Indonesia95.66(2000)17.61(2000)113.3I(2000)0.019I(2000)  
Iran (Islamic Republic of)39.85I(2004)53.1(2004)93.1I(2004)0.2I(2004)  
Iraq  65.99I(2000)0.0074I(2000)0.005(2012)0I(1997)
Israel0.5504E(1995)0.982E(1995)1.419(2004)0.14(2007)0.469I(2010) 
Japan71.85E(2009)9.372E(2009)81.22K(2009)0.04I(2009)0.195(2011) 
Jordan0.2791(2011)0.624(2015)1.104(2015)0.0098(2005)0.133(2015)0(2005)
Kazakhstan18.95(2010)1.03(2010)19.98(2010)0.853(2010)0.194(2010)0.108(2010)
Kuwait0(2002)0.415(2002)0.415(2002)0.4202(2002)0.078(2002) 
Kyrgyzstan7.401(2006)0.306(2006)7.707I(2006) 0.0001I(2006)0.2999I(2006)
Lao People's Democratic Republic  3.493I(2005)   
Lebanon0.396I(2005)0.7(2005)1.096I(2005)0.0473(2006)0.002(1991)0.165I(2004)
Malaysia5.319I(1996)0.165I(1996)11.2I(2005)0.0043I(2005)  
Maldives  0.0047I(2008)0.0012I(2008)  
Mongolia0.097I(2006)0.443I(2006)0.551(2009)0I(2005)  
Myanmar30.24(2000)2.991(2000)33.23(2000)   
Nepal  9.497I(2006)   
Occupied Palestinian Territory  0.408I(2005) 0.01(1998) 
Oman0(2003)1.186(2003)1.186I(2003)0.109(2006)0.026(1991) 
Pakistan121.9(2008)61.6(2008)183.5K(2008)   
Papua New Guinea  0.3921I(2005)   
Philippines78.35(2009)3.206(2009)81.56(2009)   
Qatar0(2005)0.217(2005)0.217(2005)0.18(2005)0.047(2007) 
Republic of Korea25.48E(2005)3.717E(2005)29.04K(2005)0.0002I(2005)0.157(2003) 
Saudi Arabia1.1I(2006)21.54(2006)22.64K(2006)1.033(2006)1.003(2010) 
Singapore  0.19(1975)0.0072(1990)0.194(2013) 
Sri Lanka  12.95(2005)   
Syrian Arab Republic  14.14I(2005) 0.55(2012)2.246(2004)
Tajikistan9.26I(1994)2.26(1994)11.19I(2006)0I(2006)0I(2006)0.3I(2006)
Thailand47.48I(2007)9.827(2007)57.31(2007)   
Timor-Leste  1.172(2004)   
Turkey29.54(2008)12.42E(2008)41.96(2008)0.0005I(2008)0.049(2004) 
Turkmenistan27.56(2004)0.305(2004)27.87I(2004)0(2006) 0.08I(2004)
United Arab Emirates0(2005)2.8(2005)2.8I(2005)0.95(2005)0.248(2005) 
Uzbekistan44.16(2005)5(2005)49.16I(2005)  6.84I(2005)
Viet Nam80.46(2005)1.402(2005)81.86(2005) 0.175(2003) 
Yemen0.987(2000)2.397(2000)3.54I(2005)0.0251I(2006)0.006I(2000) 
World | Europe      
Albania  1.311I(2006)   
Andorra      
Austria2.551(1999)1.115E(1999)3.492K(2010)0.0022I(2000)  
Belarus0.663(2013)0.851(2013)1.514(2013)   
Belgium5.39(2009)0.6125E(2009)6.002(2009) 0.003(2000) 
Bosnia and Herzegovina0.1816E(2013)0.1463E(2013)0.3279K(2013)   
Bulgaria5.071(2015)0.5584(2015)5.629(2015)   
Croatia0.1894E(2013)0.4444E(2013)0.6338K(2013)   
Cyprus0.0668(2013)0.14E(2013)0.2218K(2013)0.0335I(2013)0.022(2008) 
Czechia1.279E(2013)0.3713E(2013)1.65K(2013)0.0002I(2013)  
Denmark0.008E(2012)0.629E(2012)0.637K(2012)0.015I(2009)  
Estonia1.521(2014)0.199(2014)1.72(2014)   
Faroe Islands      
Finland6.298E(2006)0.264E(2006)6.562K(2006)0.0001I(2005)  
France25.33(2007)5.662E(2007)29.81K(2012)0.0117I(2009)0.411(2008) 
Germany27.15(2010)5.841E(2010)32.99(2010) 0.042(2000) 
Greece5.024E(1992)3.014E(1992)9.593K(2007)0.01I(2007)0.104(2010) 
Holy See      
Hungary4.516E(2012)0.535E(2012)5.051K(2012)0.0002I(2012)  
Iceland0.019(2015)2.971E(2014)0.2783(2015)   
Ireland0.561E(2009)0.196E(2009)0.757K(2009)0.0002I(2007)  
Italy  53.75K(2008)0.0973I(2000)0.045(2004) 
Latvia0.0879(2013)0.1479(2013)0.236I(2013) 0.012(2009) 
Liechtenstein      
Lithuania0.4518(2011)0.1746E(2011)0.6264(2011) 0.005(2009) 
Luxembourg0.018E(2013)0.0251E(2013)0.0431K(2013)   
Malta0E(2013)0.0224(2013)0.0224I(2013)0.0189I(2013)0.004(2004) 
Monaco  0.005K(2009)   
Montenegro  0.1609K(2010)   
Netherlands9.776(2012)0.9403E(2012)10.72(2012) 0.008(2000) 
Norway  3.026K(2007)0.0001I(2006)  
Poland8.824(2012)2.644E(2012)11.47(2012)0.007I(2009)0.003(2000) 
Portugal4.352E(2007)4.794E(2007)9.146I(2007)0.0016I(2007)0.003(2000) 
Republic of Moldova  1.065I(2007)   
Romania5.837E(2013)0.581E(2013)6.418K(2013)   
Russian Federation  61(2013)   
San Marino      
Serbia3.673E(2013)0.4777E(2013)4.15K(2013)   
Slovakia0.238E(2014)0.3213E(2014)0.5593K(2014)   
Slovenia0.9745E(2013)0.1811E(2013)1.156K(2013)   
Spain29.87(2012)6.884E(2012)36.75(2012)0.1002I(2008)0.496(2006) 
Sweden2.341E(2010)0.348E(2010)2.689K(2010)0.0002I(2010)  
Switzerland0.9995E(2012)1.005E(2012)2.005K(2012)   
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia0.885E(2009)0.1621E(2009)0.5512K(2007)   
Ukraine11.88I(2010)2.97I(2010)14.85(2010)   
United Kingdom5.971(2012)2.046E(2012)8.017K(2012)0.0333I(2008)0.164(2008) 
World | Oceania      
Australia 4.962E(2000)16.76I(2015)0.144(2015)0.42(2013)0.045I(2013)
Cook Islands      
Fiji  0.0849I(2005)   
Kiribati      
Marshall Islands   0.0007(1990)  
Micronesia (Federated States of)      
Nauru      
New Zealand3.527E(2010)1.674E(2010)5.201K(2010)   
Niue      
Palau      
Samoa      
Solomon Islands      
Tokelau      
Tonga      
Tuvalu      
Vanuatu