Agricultural production database at district level providing
information on area, yield, and production for the main
commodities for a baseline year (2000);
Analysis of the current agricultural water productivity
under rainfed and irrigated conditions;
Detailed map of main farming systems in the Nile basin;
Detailed analysis of each farming system and of the scope
for improvement of agricultural productivity, by farming
system and by country; this output includes identification
of relevant options for poverty reduction in the farming
A set of national or sub-national assessments of potential
improvements in agriculture water productivity in key selected
areas in relation to the available water resources
the rising water scarcity concerns within the Nile Basin,
it is becoming more important to ensure that water resources
are used effectively. Improving end-use efficiency, particularly
in agriculture, is seen as key to achieving water security
in the basin.
the last forty years, agricultural water productivity has
already increased by more than 100%. This has been instrumental
in keeping pace with increasing food demands. Even if only
a small part of this trend can de extended into the future,
this would result in water savings that would open up options
for increased output and socio-economic development.
regard to agricultural water management and food security,
rural households, both inside and outside formal irrigation
commands, play a determining role. They account for the
bulk of agricultural production in the Nile basin and are
the “de-facto” managers of land and water resources
on the ground. Their agricultural practices have a direct
bearing on the productivity of the water resource in terms
of yield, monetary value and employment. Farming practices
also impact on the conservation or degradation of the existing
land and water resources. By adopting the farming-systems
approach developed by FAO, the study explicitly acknowledges
the central role of rural households.
commercial irrigation is significant in the Nile basin and
a key provider of foreign currencies through export of high
quality agricultural produce. While these operations are
not very sensitive to production volatility, the economic
performance of commercial irrigated agriculture is directly
linked to water production and water service costs.
case study will establish the current status of water productivity
in rainfed and irrigated agriculture in the Nile basin.
It will assess the scope for improvements by riparian country
and by farming system. The study will identify and investigate
key areas in the basin with potential for water productivity
improvement, and propose realistic and practical measures
to increase end-use efficiency in agriculture across the
agriculture water productivity study builds on the work
of the basin wide survey of agriculture water use and is
carried out alongside and in synergy with it.
case study will be based on two approaches of analysis:
1) by administrative units, and 2) by farming systems.
The study will focus at national and sub-national levels
with particular attention to the main crop production systems.
Agricultural water productivity will be analyzed at district
level. Results will be aggregated to country level with
the aim to build up a comparable picture of water productivity
in rainfed and irrigated agriculture across the basin.
A second level of analysis follows the farming system approach.
It adopts the methodology presented in the FAO report “Farming
systems and poverty” (FAO, 2001). An attempt will
be made to differentiate agricultural production originating
from the different farming systems. Policy relevance will
be ensured by analysing the implications of water resources
management in the most relevant farming systems present
in the basin.