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Food-based dietary guidelines

Food based dietary guidelines - Colombia

Official name

Food-based dietary guidelines for the Colombian population over 2 years of age (Spanish: Guías alimentarias basadas en alimentos para la población colombiana mayor de 2 años)

Food-based dietary guidelines for Colombian pregnant and breastfeeding women and children under 2 years of age (Spanish: Guías Alimentarias basadas en alimentos para mujeres gestantes, madres en período de lactancia y niños y niñas menores de 2 años para Colombia)

Publication year

Colombia launched its first FBDGs for the adult population, children under the age of two and pregnant and breastfeeding women in 2000. In 2008 they began a process to update and revise the guidelines, with the final updated version for adults published in 2015. The updated guidelines for children under 5 were published in 2018.

Process and stakeholders

The guidelines in Colombia are under the scope of the Colombian Institute of Family Wellness. They were revised and updated by an interdisciplinary technical committee with representatives from the Ministry of Health, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Culture, National Institute of Health, Universities and the National Association of Nutritionists, among others. The country received support and technical assistance from FAO during this process. 

Intended audience

The two sets of guidelines are directed at the healthy population over 2 years of age, and at pregnant and breastfeeding women and children under 2 years of age. 

Food guide

The food guide chosen is a plate with six food groups (cereals, root vegetables and products; fruits and vegetables; milk and dairy; meat, eggs, pulses and nuts; fats and sugars) in the recommended proportions for a healthy diet. Icons of people/family doing physical activity adorn the plate.

Messages (for the population over 2 years)

  • Eat natural and diverse foods, as indicated in the “plato colombiano saludable
  • To favour muscle, bone and teeth health, eat eggs, milk and dairy products daily
  • To improve your digestion and prevent hearth disease, include whole fruits and fresh vegetables in each of your meals. 
  • To complement your diet, eat pulses like beans, lentils, peas and chickpeas at least two times per week.
  • To prevent anaemia, schoolchildren, adolescents and young women should eat offal once per week. 
  • To maintain a healthy weight, reduce the consumption of packaged products, fast foods, soft drinks and sweetened drinks. 
  • To maintain a a normal blood pressure, reduce the consumption of salt and foods high in sodium like processed meats, canned foods and packaged products. 
  • Take care of your heart: eat nuts, peanuts, and avocado; reduce the consumption of vegetable oils and margarine; and avoid animal fats like butter and lard. 
  • For the pleasure of living healthily, do at least 30 minutes of physical activity every day. 

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