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Food-based dietary guidelines

Food-based dietary guidelines - Chile

Official name

Dietary guidelines for the Chilean population, Ministry of Health 2013 (Spanish: Guías alimentarias para la población chilena, Ministerio de Salud 2013).

Publication year

Chile published its first food-based dietary guidelines, known as ‘Eating guidelines for the Chilean population’, in 1997. They were revised in 2005 and included in the ‘Eating for a healthier life’ guide. In 2013 they were revised again.

Process and stakeholders

The revision and update of the new dietary guidelines was led by the Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology (INTA) of the University of Chile and in collaboration with the FAO.
The guidelines were endorsed by the Ministry of Health.

Intended audience

The guidelines are aimed at the general public 2 years and older. Based on these guidelines, the INTA has developed educational materials, including meal plans, for different age groups: adults; children under 2 years of age; children 2–5 years of age; children 6–10 years of age; adolescents and the elderly.

Food guide

Chile's food guide was updated in 2015. The food guide is mainly composed by a circle which represents variety and proportionality of the food groups that should be consumed for a healthy diet. The foods included in the bottom strip represent energy dense and low nutritional value foods which should be avoided. The band surrounding the main circle represents the physical activity recommendation. 

Messages

  • To maintain a healthy weight, eat healthily and be physically active every day.
  • Spend less time at the computer or TV and walk fast, for at least 30 minutes a day.
  • Eat foods with little salt and take the salt shaker away from the table.
  • If you want to maintain a healthy weight, avoid eating sugar, sweets, sugar-sweetened juices and beverages.
  • Take good care of your heart by avoiding fried foods, and fatty foods like cold and cured meats and mayonnaise.
  • Eat fresh vegetables and fruits of different colours five times a day.
  • To strengthen your bones, eat low-fat and low-sugar dairy products three times a day.
  • To keep your heart healthy, eat baked or grilled fish twice a week.
  • Eat legumes at least twice a week, without mixing them with cold or cured meats.
  • To stay hydrated, drink 6–8 glasses of water a day.
  • Read and compare food labels and choose products with less fat, sugar and salt (sodium).

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