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محور المعرفة عن الرعاة
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نوع الوثيقة
التغطية الجغرافية

This book is a call to act more strategically and draw lessons from 50 years of pastoral and agropastoral development investments, interventions and implementation in Ethiopia. It outlines the more resilient, prosperous, and sustainable pathways for pastoral and agropastoral livelihoods in the future. The book combines the results of an impact analysis of the development investments over half a century, a review of the existing thinking in pastoral and agropastoral development, and an assessment of the current socioeconomic conditions affecting pastoral and agropastoral communities. The aim is to paint a compelling picture of present pastoral and agropastoral development trends in Ethiopia and suggest alternative pathways for the future. Considering the challenges as well as the opportunities available in Ethiopia’s pastoral and agropastoral areas, recommendations are provided for future interventions to achieve drought-resilient, transformed, and sustainable pastoral and agropastoral livelihoods, ecosystems, and institutions that would result in peaceful, inclusive, and prosperous pastoral and agropastoral communities.

Year of publication: 2019
Organization: الصندوق الدولي للتنمية الزراعية, البنك الدولى 
Topic: الخدمات البيئية, منظمة, مرونة, خدمات اجتماعية
Language: English
Type of document: تقني
Geographical coverage: شرق أفريقيا

Indeed the considerable contribution of rangelands to livelihoods and national economies is being increasingly recognized. While acknowledging the very specific and widespread challenges of the rangelands, a review of their role and potential is emerging. This change in position has been informed by better understanding and appreciation of their social, ecological and economical dynamics, and the management systems that are evolving over centuries. Nevertheless, there remains confusion in the discourse of rangelands and their importance, role and future. The overall goal of these guidelines is to contribute to improved rangeland management by illustrating a wide range of innovative rangeland management practices. This is by grouping them, clarifying their characteristics and requirements, and by illustrating their impacts on ecosystem services and human wellbeing. The ultimate aim is to demonstrate – through this unique set of convincing case studies – the value and potential of investment in rangelands. It is also hoped that these guidelines will stimulate, and assist, the identification of further cases.

Year of publication: 2019
Organization: ,  
Topic: نوع الملكية
Language: English
Type of document: تقني
Geographical coverage: غربية افريقيا, أفريقيا الوسطى, شرق أفريقيا, جنوب أفريقيا

La région du Sahel est confrontée à des crises agropastorales récurrentes et cycliques, essentiellement dues à des sécheresses localisées et une forte variabilité climatique, exacerbées par des problèmes structurels et de détérioration de la sécurité. Ces crises ont des conséquences dramatiques sur les moyens d’existence des populations basés sur l’agriculture et l’élevage et aggravent l’insécurité alimentaire et la malnutrition des familles.

Year of publication: 2019
Organization: الاتحاد الأوروبي, منظمة الأغذية والزراعة للأمم المتحدة 
Topic: أمن غذائي, مرونة
Language: Français
Type of document: تقني
Geographical coverage: غربية افريقيا

For thousands of years, mobile pastoralist communities have been moving through the rangelands with their herds in search of pasture and water, making the most of scarce resources. This traditional form of livestock husbandry has persisted over the years because of its well-known interaction with nature. However, the protected areas have become a real threat to the lives and livelihoods of mobile pastoralists in many parts of the world. In this paper, the authors look at the network of Spanish drove roads, with new data on the overlap between these routes, protected areas and areas of high biodiversity. It raises some serious questions for reflection by the protected area community in relation to the practice of mobile pastoralism. From basic human rights issues to acknowledging the services pastoralists provide. Readers are invited to reflect on an issue that is not clear-cut and requires much more dialogue, as well as joint action to mitigate conflict and promote collaboration.

Year of publication: 2019
Organization: كتاب مستقلون 
Topic: الخدمات البيئية
Language: English
Type of document: تقني
Geographical coverage: أوروبا

Following the impact of severe drought that decimated pasture, livestock and crops in 2018, the situation of millions of affected families in the Sahel is fragile. If adequate timely assistance is not provided, the food security situation will likely worsen with 9.7 million people projected to be severely food insecure during the upcoming lean season (June–August 2019). Despite overall good availability of fodder resources, access remains difficult in certain areas of Burkina FasoChadMali and the Niger where insecurity persists; in other areas – certain parts of Mauritania and Senegal – fodder resources have been depleted or are very limited.

Year of publication: 2019
Organization: منظمة الأغذية والزراعة للأمم المتحدة 
Topic: أمن غذائي
Language: English
Type of document: تقني
Geographical coverage: غربية افريقيا

Traditional knowledge of indigenous communities cuts across numerous aspects of sustainability and resilience. However, the practice of traditional knowledge is yet to be adequately understood, with many research gaps confronting policy-makers. An understanding of the interactions of traditional knowledge systems, rooted in indigenous ways of life, cultural approaches and traditional occupations is important. The transformations are being experienced in societies, economies, institutions, technologies and the climate. This publication is a collaboration between the ILO and the School of Geography and the Environment, University of Oxford, which draws on recent and emerging research conducted directly with communities across Asia and the Pacific, Africa, and the Americas. It aims at sharing experiences gained by researchers and the communities themselves with policy-makers and key stakeholders.

Year of publication: 2019
Organization: كتاب مستقلون, منظمة العمل الدولية 
Topic: تغير المناخ, الشعوب الأصلية, مرونة
Language: English
Type of document: تقني
Geographical coverage: مناطق العالم

In the definition of family farmers for the International Year of Family Farmers (IYFF) in 2014 and now for the United Nations Decade of Family Farming 2019–28, pastoralists are mentioned as a group needing specific attention. Despite this recognition, most statements, papers and information about family farmers refer primarily to small-scale crop farmers. As organisations supporting, working with or representing pastoralists, we want to draw attention to the importance of including pastoralists within discussions and interventions in family farming, also within the Decade. Here, we outline: i) the features of pastoralists that identify them as family farmers; ii) the importance of pastoralists for the wellbeing of nations, people and the environment; iii) specificities of pastoral farming systems; and iv) major challenges and emerging opportunities for pastoralists. To conclude, we propose how pastoralists’ issues could be incorporated into policy advocacy activities during the Decade.

Year of publication: 2019
Organization:  
Topic: الخدمات البيئية, أمن غذائي, خدمات اجتماعية
Language: English
Type of document: تقني
Geographical coverage: مناطق العالم

In the definition of family farmers for the International Year of Family Farmers (IYFF) in 2014 and now for the United Nations Decade of Family Farming 2019–28, pastoralists are mentioned as a group requiring specific attention. Despite this recognition, most statements, papers and information about family farmers refer primarily to small-scale crop farmers. As a group of organisations supporting, working with or representing pastoralists, we want to draw attention to the importance of including pastoralists within discussions and interventions in family farming, including within the Decade.

Year of publication: 2019
Organization:  
Topic: الخدمات البيئية, أمن غذائي, خدمات اجتماعية
Language: English
Type of document: تقني
Geographical coverage: مناطق العالم