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محور المعرفة عن الرعاة
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نوع الوثيقة
التغطية الجغرافية

Pastoralism is the main livelihood of an estimated 268 million people in Africa’s drylands. It represents one of the most viable – and sometimes the only suitable – livelihood options for the drylands. Pastoralist populations are increasingly vulnerable to malnutrition and food insecurity. Their capacity to adapt to and recover from crises declines in the face of recurrent and often overlapping shocks. This paper presents efforts to reducing risks, addressing vulnerability and enhancing resilience of pastoralist communities. Pastoralist communities are key actors and an integral part of a lasting solution to ensure the stability of Africa’s drylands.

Year of publication: 2018
Organization: منظمة الأغذية والزراعة للأمم المتحدة 
Topic: تغير المناخ, صراع, اقتصاد, الخدمات البيئية, أمن غذائي, نوع الملكية, مرونة, خدمات اجتماعية
Language: English
Type of document: تقني
Geographical coverage: شمال أفريقيا, غربية افريقيا, أفريقيا الوسطى, شرق أفريقيا, جنوب أفريقيا

This report analyses poverty in Karamoja from the perspective of livestock ownership, and uses a livestock threshold to categorize households as poor and non-poor. High levels of livestock poverty are then discussed in relation to programming and policy options. The analysis uses raw data from a recent livestock population survey to analyze livestock ownership in Karamoja. The survey did not collect information on the ownership of camels, donkeys or poultry, and so overall, the livestock ownership results in the analysis are an under-estimate of actual ownership. It covered the six main livestock-rearing districts of Karamoja viz. Napak, Nakapiripirit, Moroto, Kaabong, Kotido, and Amudat.

Year of publication: 2018
Organization: كتاب مستقلون 
Topic: اقتصاد
Language: English
Type of document: تقني
Geographical coverage: شرق أفريقيا

Camilla Toulmin, of the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), explains why uncertainty is a useful lens for looking at pastoralism, and how the PASTRES project could contribute to the debate about pastoral development.

Year of publication: 2018
Organization: المعهد الدولى للبيئة والتنمية 
Topic: تغير المناخ, مرونة
Language: English
Type of document: فيديو
Geographical coverage: مناطق العالم

This manual shows how pastoralists and other livestock-keeping communities can draw up a community protocol about their animal breed or production system. It describes why they should consider producing a community protocol, walks through the steps of doing so, and advices how to use the finished document. It explains in easy language the complex concepts of access and benefit sharing and how the community protocol can be used within the legal system. This manual is aimed at community leaders and organizations, nongovernment organizations and all those concerned with managing and conserving animal breeds and production systems.

Year of publication: 2018
Organization: ,  
Topic: الخدمات البيئية, الإدراك الفطري, منظمة
Language: English
Type of document: تقني
Geographical coverage: مناطق العالم

Securing rangelands is an important ongoing debate because of the complex planning needed for their use and their lack of recognition or protection. The Land Portal Foundation and the Rangelands Initiative of the International Land Coalition facilitated an online debate wherein potential solutions were discussed for making rangelands more secure. This opened up space for dialogue on these issues, helped identify good practice and develop some agreement about what should be prioritised. The summaries of these debates are presented in this paper.

Year of publication: 2018
Organization: كتاب مستقلون, الائتلاف الدولي للأراضي 
Topic: نوع الملكية
Language: English
Type of document: تقني
Geographical coverage: مناطق العالم

Les conflits violents impliquant des pasteurs ont augmenté dans certaines régions de l’Afrique de l’Ouest et du Sahel ces dernières années, réclamant des milliers de vies dans la région.Ces conflits sont principalement entraînés par une concurrence pour la terre, l’eau et le fourrage, mais il y a aussi des facteurs politiques et socio-économiques impliqués.La principale question est de savoir comment ces ressources naturelles sont gérées et allouées.Il est essentiel de se concentrer sur les questions relatives aux droits fonciers et à la gestion des ressources naturelles.Pour promouvoir la coexistence pacifique, une stratégie de communication régionale est nécessaire pour sensibiliser les agriculteurs aux relations et aux moyens des éleveurs.

Year of publication: 2018
Organization: اللجنة الاقتصادية لأفريقيا 
Topic: صراع, نوع الملكية, خدمات اجتماعية
Language: Français
Type of document: تقني
Geographical coverage: غربية افريقيا

Violent conflicts involving pastoralists have escalated in parts of West Africa and the Sahel in recent years, claiming thousands of lives across the region. These conflicts are primarily driven by a competition for land, water and forage, but there are also political and socio-economic factors involved. The main issue is about how these natural resources are managed and allocated. A focus on issues relating to land rights and natural resource management is critical. To promote peaceful co-existence, a regional communications strategy is needed to raise awareness about herder-farmer relations and ways.

Year of publication: 2018
Organization: اللجنة الاقتصادية لأفريقيا 
Topic: صراع, نوع الملكية, خدمات اجتماعية
Language: English, Français
Type of document: تقني
Geographical coverage: غربية افريقيا

GIEWS updates focus on developing anomalous conditions aimed at providing early warnings, as well as latest and more elaborate information than other GIEWS regular reports on the food security situation of countries, at both national and sub-national levels. This update focuses on the elevated risk of deterioration in food security in pastoral areas across the Sahel and the Lake Chad basin. 

Year of publication: 2018
Organization: منظمة الأغذية والزراعة للأمم المتحدة 
Topic: أمن غذائي, مرونة
Language: English
Type of document: تقني
Geographical coverage: غربية افريقيا