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In recent years, pastoralism has increasingly become associated with violent conflict. In the Sahel, pastoralism-related insecurity is directly linked to macro-level conflict dynamics in contexts with UN peacekeeping missions, including Mali, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Darfur, Abyei, and South Sudan. However, the UN system has been slow to adopt a coordinated response to this phenomenon. This issue brief provides a preliminary overview of peacekeeping missions’ efforts to mitigate growing pastoralism-related insecurity in their areas of operation. It analyzes six missions that are active within or near the Sahel region. After framing pastoralism-related security, it explores how the Security Council has addressed this issue in mission mandates. It then looks at how missions have tried to address pastoralism-related insecurity and how they can leverage partnerships with other actors as part of a multi-stakeholder approach. The paper concludes that while peacekeeping missions are not the primary means for addressing the multidimensional drivers of pastoralism-related insecurity, they can help mitigate risks, including through political and logistical support to other actors. Together with these partners, peacekeeping missions should leverage their comparative advantages to help address pastoralism-related insecurity in the Sahel.

Year of publication: 2020
Organization: Autores individuales 
Topic: Conflicto
Language: English
Type of document: Técnico
Geographical coverage: África Occidental

Le faible taux de scolarisation et de formation professionnelle des éleveurs pastoraux s'ajoute à leur marginalisation et justifie une approche spécifique de l’intégration de la jeunesse pastorale. L’étude dont ce rapport est issu a analysé le contexte institutionnel des jeunes migrants issus de milieux pastoraux et leurs perceptions publiques au Burkina Faso (Février 2019 à Ouagadougou, Mars 2019 à Bobo Dioulasso et Dori). Le rapport traite trois questions principales: la perception publique des migrations vers les villes et des jeunes issus de milieux pastoraux ; les services existants ciblant ces jeunes (formation professionnelle, scolarisation, soutien à l’inclusion sociale et/ou économique) ; les actions potentielles d’inclusion économique et sociale des jeunes migrants d’origine pastorale.

Year of publication: 2020
Organization: Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Alimentación y la Agricultura (FAO), Instituto de Investigación y Aplicación de Métodos de Desarrollo (IRAM) 
Topic: Género y juventud
Language: Français
Type of document: Técnico
Geographical coverage: África Occidental

With the objective of gaining a better insight into the challenges and opportunities of the livestock sub-sector in West Africa, FAO has conducted several studies and held various workshops in recent years. The outcomes of these studies and workshops conducted between 2009 and 2014 were published and distributed as hard copy reports and disseminated as on-line publications. These reports included topics such as value chains, cross-border transhumance, animal feed resources, priority animal diseases, among others, were informative in their own right. Still, the fact that they targeted specific areas of livestock in a fragmented manner did not address the need of readers whose wish was to have a comprehensive understanding of the livestock sector in West Africa. It is in response to this demand for a comprehensive outlook of the West African Livestock sub-sector that different reports and studies have been compiled into this one book. The book has twelve chapters, covering almost all aspects of livestock in the region. Attempts were made to enrich the information provided by including eight short case studies focusing on different aspects of the livestock sub-sector in West Africa. The book attempts to fill the gap of a need for comprehensive information on the potential, performance, challenges, and prospects of the livestock sub-sector in West Africa.

Year of publication: 2020
Organization: Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Alimentación y la Agricultura (FAO) 
Topic: Seguridad alimentaria, Resiliencia, Servicios sociales
Language: English
Type of document: Técnico
Geographical coverage: África Occidental

Livestock support more than 750 million of the world’s poorest people. This brochure makes the case that improving animal health should be an integral part of strategies aimed at food security and sustainable development in the context of climate change. Firstly, to reduce impacts of climate change on animal health and the spread of pathogens – as the majority of emerging diseases have an animal origin. Secondly, to mitigate effects of climate change – as healthier animals are more productive and generate lower emissions per weight of product. Thirdly, to adapt to climate changes – as animals are more resilient than crops to adapt to marginal conditions and withstand climate shocks. To address these challenges, opportunities for action are presented – including developing capacity to tackle animal disease events triggered by climate change, promoting One Health approaches, and investing in public and private collaboration and research. Ongoing FAO activities in these areas are presented including tools, platforms and strategies to track, forecast and support control of disease outbreaks. FAO issues a call to action for strengthened engagement, investment and collaboration at the interface of animal health and climate change in order to improve food security while protecting the planet. 

Year of publication: 2020
Organization: Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Alimentación y la Agricultura (FAO) 
Topic: Cambio climático
Language: English
Type of document: Boletines
Geographical coverage: Global

The purpose of these guidelines is to describe the impact of COVID-19 on livestock production and animal disease prevention and control, and to provide practical recommendations for actors along value chains to reduce this impact and ensure continuity of the livestock supply chain and animal health. The target beneficiaries of these guidelines are livestock value chain actors including livestock farmers, slaughterhouse workers, animal product processors, traders, animal health professionals and paraprofessionals, policy makers and other relevant stakeholders.

Year of publication: 2020
Organization: Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Alimentación y la Agricultura (FAO) 
Topic: Seguridad alimentaria
Language: English
Type of document: Técnico
Geographical coverage: Global

Un bilan fourrager évalue les ressources en aliments pour animaux, y compris les fourrages, et les compare aux besoins des animaux d’élevage. Il fournit des informations aux décideurs politiques, aux producteurs et aux acteurs du secteur de l’élevage en général afin d’améliorer leur planification et leur évaluation du secteur. Dans la région du Sahel, le bilan fourrager est un outil essentiel pour les systèmes d’alerte précoce. Il est conçu et utilisé par les services techniques des pays sahéliens comme outil prospectif établi en fin d’année pour couvrir la saison sèche à venir. Ces directives pour établir des bilans fourragers tiennent compte des spécifictés des systèmes pastoraux et agropastoraux du Sahel que sont la saisonnalité des disponibilités fourragères et des performances animales, la part majoritaire des fourrages grossiers dans les rations et la mobilité des animaux et des pasteurs.

Year of publication: 2020
Organization: Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Alimentación y la Agricultura (FAO) 
Topic: Seguridad alimentaria, Innovación
Language: Français
Type of document: Técnico
Geographical coverage: África Occidental, África Central

Small ruminants are the main source of livelihood for the rural agropastoralists and are important assets in lowlands and highlands of Ethiopia. Transboundary animal diseases (TADs) are a significant cause of reduced production and productivity to the pastoral communities in Ethiopia. TADs like Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR), Sheep and Goat Pox (SGP) and Contagious Caprine Pleuropneumonia (CCPP) have contributed to a high level of sheep and goat mortality, especially in lambs and kids. The “Pursuing pastoralist resilience through improved animal health service delivery” project implemented by FAO between 2014 and 2020, was designed to support the Government of Ethiopia in strengthening the surveillance system for most TADs. The project had a primary focus to implement a progressive control programme for Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR).

Year of publication: 2020
Organization: Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Alimentación y la Agricultura (FAO) 
Topic: Resiliencia, Servicios sociales
Language: English
Type of document: Técnico
Geographical coverage: África Oriental

This technical report compiles and organises an intense shared effort to address the role of grazing in adaptation and fighting against climate change. The report collects up-to-date technical and scientific information about greenhouse gases behaviour in pastoralist systems, their emissions, their relationship with grazed ecosystems, their coping capacity and their potential to mitigate the effects of climate change.

Year of publication: 2020
Organization: Autores individuales 
Topic: Cambio climático
Language: English, Español
Type of document: Técnico
Geographical coverage: Global
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