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This checklist seeks to provide companies with operational guidance on how to ensure due diligence when operating in areas where projects may affect indigenous peoples. Based on the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) and ILO Convention No. 169, this Checklist aligns the principles and rights in these two instruments with the human rights due diligence approach set out in the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights. It outlines key questions business should consider in engagement with indigenous peoples and their communities.

Year of publication: 2019
Organization: Auteurs individuels 
Topic: Peuples autochtones
Language: English
Type of document: Technique
Geographical coverage: Global

La campagne agropastorale 2017/18 au Sahel a été marquée par un déficit et une mauvaise répartition spatio-temporelle des pluies. Une diminution importante de la production de biomasse, ainsi qu’un tarissement précoce des points d’eau ont été constatés dès la fin de la saison des pluies.

Les productions fourragères très faibles et quasi inexistantes dans certaines zones d’élevage en Mauritanie, au nord du Sénégal, au Sahel Burkinabé, au nord et à l’est du Niger, à l’ouest et à l’est du Sahel tchadien et par endroits au Mali, ont causé une soudure pastorale précoce ayant touché en particulier les populations rurales de ces zones ainsi que celles qui vivent dans les zones de concentration de bétail. Pour atténuer l’impact de la crise et renforcer la résilience des populations affectées, la FAO a conçu un mécanisme de réponse d’urgence qui a été mis en oeuvre par les bureaux de la FAO dans les six pays touchés – Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritanie, Niger, Sénégal et Tchad.

Year of publication: 2019
Organization: Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture (FAO) 
Topic: Services environnementaux, Résilience
Language: Français
Type of document: Technique
Geographical coverage: Afrique occidentale

This book is a call to act more strategically and draw lessons from 50 years of pastoral and agropastoral development investments, interventions and implementation in Ethiopia. It outlines the more resilient, prosperous, and sustainable pathways for pastoral and agropastoral livelihoods in the future. The book combines the results of an impact analysis of the development investments over half a century, a review of the existing thinking in pastoral and agropastoral development, and an assessment of the current socioeconomic conditions affecting pastoral and agropastoral communities. The aim is to paint a compelling picture of present pastoral and agropastoral development trends in Ethiopia and suggest alternative pathways for the future. Considering the challenges as well as the opportunities available in Ethiopia’s pastoral and agropastoral areas, recommendations are provided for future interventions to achieve drought-resilient, transformed, and sustainable pastoral and agropastoral livelihoods, ecosystems, and institutions that would result in peaceful, inclusive, and prosperous pastoral and agropastoral communities.

Year of publication: 2019
Organization: Fonds international de développement agricole (FIDA), Banque mondiale 
Topic: Services environnementaux, Organisation, Résilience, Services sociaux
Language: English
Type of document: Technique
Geographical coverage: Afrique orientale

Indeed the considerable contribution of rangelands to livelihoods and national economies is being increasingly recognized. While acknowledging the very specific and widespread challenges of the rangelands, a review of their role and potential is emerging. This change in position has been informed by better understanding and appreciation of their social, ecological and economical dynamics, and the management systems that are evolving over centuries. Nevertheless, there remains confusion in the discourse of rangelands and their importance, role and future. The overall goal of these guidelines is to contribute to improved rangeland management by illustrating a wide range of innovative rangeland management practices. This is by grouping them, clarifying their characteristics and requirements, and by illustrating their impacts on ecosystem services and human wellbeing. The ultimate aim is to demonstrate – through this unique set of convincing case studies – the value and potential of investment in rangelands. It is also hoped that these guidelines will stimulate, and assist, the identification of further cases.

Year of publication: 2019
Organization: Étude mondiale des approches et des technologies de conservation,  
Topic: Régime foncier
Language: English
Type of document: Technique
Geographical coverage: Afrique occidentale, Afrique centrale, Afrique orientale, Afrique australe

La région du Sahel est confrontée à des crises agropastorales récurrentes et cycliques, essentiellement dues à des sécheresses localisées et une forte variabilité climatique, exacerbées par des problèmes structurels et de détérioration de la sécurité. Ces crises ont des conséquences dramatiques sur les moyens d’existence des populations basés sur l’agriculture et l’élevage et aggravent l’insécurité alimentaire et la malnutrition des familles.

Year of publication: 2019
Organization: Union européenne (EU), Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture (FAO) 
Topic: Sécurité alimentaire, Résilience
Language: Français
Type of document: Technique
Geographical coverage: Afrique occidentale

For thousands of years, mobile pastoralist communities have been moving through the rangelands with their herds in search of pasture and water, making the most of scarce resources. This traditional form of livestock husbandry has persisted over the years because of its well-known interaction with nature. However, the protected areas have become a real threat to the lives and livelihoods of mobile pastoralists in many parts of the world. In this paper, the authors look at the network of Spanish drove roads, with new data on the overlap between these routes, protected areas and areas of high biodiversity. It raises some serious questions for reflection by the protected area community in relation to the practice of mobile pastoralism. From basic human rights issues to acknowledging the services pastoralists provide. Readers are invited to reflect on an issue that is not clear-cut and requires much more dialogue, as well as joint action to mitigate conflict and promote collaboration.

Year of publication: 2019
Organization: Auteurs individuels 
Topic: Services environnementaux
Language: English
Type of document: Technique
Geographical coverage: Europe

Following the impact of severe drought that decimated pasture, livestock and crops in 2018, the situation of millions of affected families in the Sahel is fragile. If adequate timely assistance is not provided, the food security situation will likely worsen with 9.7 million people projected to be severely food insecure during the upcoming lean season (June–August 2019). Despite overall good availability of fodder resources, access remains difficult in certain areas of Burkina FasoChadMali and the Niger where insecurity persists; in other areas – certain parts of Mauritania and Senegal – fodder resources have been depleted or are very limited.

Year of publication: 2019
Organization: Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture (FAO) 
Topic: Sécurité alimentaire
Language: English
Type of document: Technique
Geographical coverage: Afrique occidentale

Traditional knowledge of indigenous communities cuts across numerous aspects of sustainability and resilience. However, the practice of traditional knowledge is yet to be adequately understood, with many research gaps confronting policy-makers. An understanding of the interactions of traditional knowledge systems, rooted in indigenous ways of life, cultural approaches and traditional occupations is important. The transformations are being experienced in societies, economies, institutions, technologies and the climate. This publication is a collaboration between the ILO and the School of Geography and the Environment, University of Oxford, which draws on recent and emerging research conducted directly with communities across Asia and the Pacific, Africa, and the Americas. It aims at sharing experiences gained by researchers and the communities themselves with policy-makers and key stakeholders.

Year of publication: 2019
Organization: Auteurs individuels, Organisation internationale du Travail 
Topic: Changement climatique, Peuples autochtones, Résilience
Language: English
Type of document: Technique
Geographical coverage: Global
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