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In many countries, pastoralism has historically been practiced in areas that are now partitioned by international boundaries. This is a major barrier to sustainable resource management and to pastoral development. However, there are examples from around the world of efforts to facilitate transboundary movements and transboundary ecosystem management by pastoralists. This report examines how pastoral mobility has been impacted by the creation of unnatural boundaries within their landscapes and how societies cope with these constraints through legal or informal arrangements.

Year of publication: 2018
Organization: Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture (FAO), Union internationale pour la conservation de la nature (IUCN) 
Topic: Conflit, Régime foncier, Résilience
Language: English
Type of document: Technique
Geographical coverage: Global

The case-study presents the case of the appropriation of pastoral lands by the coming of large-scale extractive industries in Turkana, Kenya. The case-study is meant to raise awareness among the general audience regarding the precarious situation of the pastoralists in the context of this new socio-economic development and lack of secure land tenure. At the same time, it provides this information as a case to local and global civil society, experts, institutions and policy makers. Moreover the document makes some recommendations regarding the scope and applicability of the VGGTs, especially the technical guide on improving the governance of pastoral lands in this context.

Year of publication: 2018
Organization: Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture (FAO) 
Topic: Peuples autochtones, Régime foncier, Organisation, Participation, Résilience
Language: English
Type of document: Technique
Geographical coverage: Afrique orientale

The publication is an informational pamphlet on the VGGT guide on improving the governance of pastoralist lands. The pamphlet is meant to be a tool for civil society to informa pastoralist communities regarding the VGGT and its applicability in securing their rights to resources. At the same time the pamphlet also speaks to local administrators regarding the principles enshrined in the VGGT. This audience is chosen to raise awareness regarding the VGGT as a country endorsed mechanism for securing land resources and livelihoods for pastoralist communities.

Year of publication: 2018
Organization: Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture (FAO) 
Topic: Peuples autochtones, Régime foncier, Organisation, Participation
Language: Kiswahili
Type of document: Technique
Geographical coverage: Afrique orientale

Combien de temps peut durer une transhumance ? Qui part et avec quels animaux ? Les éleveurs mobiles contribuent-ils à l’économie locale des régions où ils se rendent ? De quelles façons s’informent-ils ? Traversent-ils tous des frontières internationales ? Vendent-ils du bétail ? Cette brochure résume les principales conclusions d’une étude menée par Acting for Life auprès de familles transhumantes, suivies de 2014 à 2017 dans le cadre du Programme BRACED.

Year of publication: 2018
Organization: Centre de coopération internationale en recherche agronomique pour le développement (CIRAD) 
Topic: Changement climatique, Conflit, Économie, Sécurité alimentaire, Services de santé, Les savoirs autochtones, Régime foncier, Résilience, Services sociaux, Value addition
Language: Français
Type of document: Technique
Geographical coverage: Afrique occidentale, Afrique centrale

Pastoralism is the main livelihood of an estimated 268 million people in Africa’s drylands. It represents one of the most viable – and sometimes the only suitable – livelihood options for the drylands. Pastoralist populations are increasingly vulnerable to malnutrition and food insecurity. Their capacity to adapt to and recover from crises declines in the face of recurrent and often overlapping shocks. This paper presents efforts to reducing risks, addressing vulnerability and enhancing resilience of pastoralist communities. Pastoralist communities are key actors and an integral part of a lasting solution to ensure the stability of Africa’s drylands.

Year of publication: 2018
Organization: Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture (FAO) 
Topic: Changement climatique, Conflit, Économie, Services environnementaux, Sécurité alimentaire, Régime foncier, Résilience, Services sociaux
Language: English
Type of document: Technique
Geographical coverage: Afrique du Nord, Afrique occidentale, Afrique centrale, Afrique orientale, Afrique australe

Camilla Toulmin, of the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), explains why uncertainty is a useful lens for looking at pastoralism, and how the PASTRES project could contribute to the debate about pastoral development.

Year of publication: 2018
Organization: Institut international pour l'environnement et le développement (IIED) 
Topic: Changement climatique, Résilience
Language: English
Type of document: Vidéos
Geographical coverage: Global

Securing rangelands is an important ongoing debate because of the complex planning needed for their use and their lack of recognition or protection. The Land Portal Foundation and the Rangelands Initiative of the International Land Coalition facilitated an online debate wherein potential solutions were discussed for making rangelands more secure. This opened up space for dialogue on these issues, helped identify good practice and develop some agreement about what should be prioritised. The summaries of these debates are presented in this paper.

Year of publication: 2018
Organization: Auteurs individuels, Coalition internationale pour l’accès à la terre (ILC) 
Topic: Régime foncier
Language: English
Type of document: Technique
Geographical coverage: Global

Les conflits violents impliquant des pasteurs ont augmenté dans certaines régions de l’Afrique de l’Ouest et du Sahel ces dernières années, réclamant des milliers de vies dans la région.Ces conflits sont principalement entraînés par une concurrence pour la terre, l’eau et le fourrage, mais il y a aussi des facteurs politiques et socio-économiques impliqués.La principale question est de savoir comment ces ressources naturelles sont gérées et allouées.Il est essentiel de se concentrer sur les questions relatives aux droits fonciers et à la gestion des ressources naturelles.Pour promouvoir la coexistence pacifique, une stratégie de communication régionale est nécessaire pour sensibiliser les agriculteurs aux relations et aux moyens des éleveurs.

Year of publication: 2018
Organization: Auteurs individuels 
Topic: Conflit, Régime foncier, Services sociaux
Language: Français
Type of document: Technique
Geographical coverage: Afrique occidentale