Boîte à outils pour l’homologation des pesticides
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Mesures d’atténuation des risques

Human health risks – Limiting occupational exposure

Risk mitigation measure 

Conditions

Do not register the pesticide (or phase-out a registered pesticide) for some or all uses

Alternative pesticides or pest management options should be available for these uses

Severely restrict the use of the pesticide (e.g. only by licensed users)

Enforcement should be effective

Reduce the application rate

Reduced rate should be efficacious

Reduction of the application frequency and/or increase of the treatment interval

Reduced frequency/increased treatment interval should be efficacious

Require specific personal protective equipment (PPE)

PPE should be available to the user at an affordable cost

"

Wearing PPE should be feasible/comfortable under local climatic conditions

Require engineering measures to reduce exposure (e.g. drift-reducing nozzles, closed cabin on tractor, close-circuit pesticide pumping system)

Equipment should be available to the user at an affordable cost

Authorize only low-risk pesticide formulations (e.g. water-soluble granules instead of liquids)

Low-risk formulation should be efficacious.

Authorize only low-risk packaging (e.g. water-soluble sachets)

Low-risk packaging should be compatible with the formulation

Require a minimum re-entry interval for workers in the crop

Minimum re-entry interval should not conflict with agronomic practices (e.g. harvesting times)

"

Enforcement should be effective

Require specific precautionary statements on the label

Users should be literate or have access to a literate person

Human health risks – Limiting consumer exposure

Risk mitigation measure 

Conditions

Do not register the pesticide (or phase-out a registered pesticide) for some or all uses

Alternative pesticides or pest management options should be available for these uses

Severely restrict the use of the pesticide (e.g. only by licensed users)

Enforcement should be effective

Reduce the application rate

Reduced rate should be efficacious

Reduction of the application frequency and/or increase of the treatment interval

Reduced frequency/increased treatment interval should be efficacious

Increase pre-harvest intervals

Longer pre-harvest intervals should not compromise effective pest management

"

Enforcement should be effective

Require specific precautionary statements on the label

Users should be literate or have access to a literate person

Environmental risks – Limiting pesticide exposure and adverse effects on bees (in- and off-field)

Risk mitigation measure 

Conditions

Registration measures

 

Do not register the pesticide (or phase-out a registered pesticide) for some or all uses

Alternative pesticides or pest management options should be available for these uses.

Reduce the application rate

The application rate of the pesticide can be reduced without reducing its efficacy.

Reduction of the application frequency and/or increase of the treatment interval

x

Restrict the use to formulation types that result in less exposure of bees (e.g. slow-release formulations, baits, seed coatings, granules)

Lower risk formulation types of the same pesticide are sufficiently efficacious against the target pest(s)

"

For granules and treated seeds: the pesticide should not be systemic

For treated seeds: Require high quality seed coatings (in order to reduce abrasion of seeds, and subsequent drift of dust, during drilling)

Pesticide or seed company should be able to provide high quality coatings

"

Pesticide should not be systemic

Restriction in space

 

Restrict use to low- or no-emission applications (e.g. glasshouses, warehouses, containers)

Low- or no emission applications should be efficacious.

Restrictions in time

 

Change the period of application (e.g. do not apply during crop flowering or in-crop weed flowering)

Target pest should not be present present during flowering

"

Enforcement should be effective

Change the timing of application (e.g. only apply in the evening, when honeybees are not active, to allow the pesticide deposit to degrade)

Only applicable to rapidly degrading pesticides

Engineering controls

 

Apply drift-reducing techniques (e.g. reduced-drift spray nozzles, spray deflectors)

Equipment should be available to the user at an affordable cost

Do not authorize aerial applications

Treatments should be possible with ground-based equipment

For granules and treated seeds: Require high quality drilling equipment in order to reduce abrasion of seeds or granules, and subsequent drift of dust, during drilling

Equipment should be available to the user at an affordable cost

Cultivation controls

 

Apply a (vegetated) no-spray buffer strip between the treated field and the off-field area to reduce drift

Bees should be mainly active off-field

"

The buffer strip should not have an unacceptable effect on yield

Labelling

 

Require specific precautionary statements on the label

Users should be literate or have access to a literate person

Other risk reduction measures

 

Require advance notification of beekeepers to allow them to relocate or close the beehives

Communication between pesticide users and beekeepers should be effective

Environmental risks – Limiting groundwater exposure

Risk mitigation measure 

Conditions

Registration measures

 

Do not register the pesticide (or phase-out a registered pesticide) for some or all uses

Alternative pesticides or pest management options should be available for these uses

Reduce the application rate

Reduced rate should be efficacious

Reduction of the application frequency and/or increase of the treatment interval

Reduced frequency/increased treatment interval should be efficacious

Restriction in space

 

Restrict the use of the pesticide to low- or no emission applications (e.g. glasshouses, containers, baiting, dipping, seed treatment)

Low- or no emission applications should be efficacious.

Restrict the use of the pesticide geographically to limit leaching (e.g. to soil types that are less vulnerable to leaching or not subject to excessive crack-flow; to areas with low annual rainfall; to regions with deep groundwater level)

Geographical restriction of pesticide use should not compromise pest management (e.g. coincide with geographical distribution of the pest)

"

Enforcement should be effective

Restrictions in time

 

Restrict the use of the pesticide to certain periods in the year, when leaching, run-off or drainage is less important (e.g. periods with low rainfall and/or sufficient vegetation cover)

Temporal restriction of pesticide use should not compromise pest management (e.g. not coincide with the presence of the pest)

"

Enforcement should be effective

Labelling

 

Require specific precautionary statements on the label

Users should be literate or have access to a literate person

Environmental risks – Limiting surface water exposure and adverse effects on aquatic organisms

Risk mitigation measure 

Conditions

Registration measures

 

Do not register the pesticide (or phase-out a registered pesticide) for some or all uses

Alternative pesticides or pest management options should be available for these uses

Reduce the application rate

Reduced rate should be efficacious

Reduction of the application frequency and/or increase of the treatment interval

Reduced frequency/increased treatment interval should be efficacious

Restrict use to formulation types that result in less drift/run-off/drainflow (e.g. slow-release formulations, seed coatings, granules)

Low-risk formulation should be efficacious.

Restriction in space

 

Restrict the use of the pesticide to low- or no emission applications (e.g. glasshouses, containers, baiting, dipping, seed treatment)

Low- or no emission applications should be efficacious.

Restrict the use of the pesticide geographically, to limit surface water exposure (e.g. to soil types that are less vulnerable to leaching or not subject to excessive crack-flow; to non-drained soils or fields requiring holding times to release water)

Geographical restriction of pesticide use should not compromise pest management (e.g. coincide with geographical distribution of the pest)

"

Enforcement should be effective

Do not authorize bankside applications

Restriction should not compromise pest management

Restrictions in time

 

Restrict the use of the pesticide to certain periods in the year, when leaching, run-off or drainage is less important (e.g. periods with low rainfall and/or sufficient vegetation cover)

Temporal restriction of pesticide use should not compromise pest management (e.g. not coincide with the presence of the pest)

"

Enforcement should be effective

Engineering controls

 

Apply drift-reducing techniques (e.g. reduced-drift spray nozzles, spray deflectors)

Equipment should be available to the user at an affordable cost

Do not authorize aerial applications

Treatments should be possible with ground-based equipment

Restrict use to chemigation (i.e. through irrigation system)

Equipment should be available to the user at an affordable cost

"

Application through chemigation should be efficacious.

Cultivation controls

 

Apply a (vegetated) no-spray buffer strip between the treated field and the surface water, to reduce drift

The buffer strip should not have an unacceptable effect on yield

Labelling

 

Require specific precautionary statements on the label

Users should be literate or have access to a literate person

Environmental risks – Limiting pesticide exposure and adverse effects on non-target arthropods (in and off-crop)

Risk mitigation measure 

Conditions

Registration measures

 

Do not register the pesticide (or phase-out a registered pesticide) for some or all uses

Alternative pesticides or pest management options should be available for these uses

Reduce the application rate

Reduced rate should be efficacious

Reduction of the application frequency and/or increase of the treatment interval

Reduced frequency/increased treatment interval should be efficacious

Restrict use to formulation types that result in less exposure of non-target arthropods (e.g. slow-release formulations, baits, seed coatings, granules)

Low-risk formulation should be efficacious.

Restriction in space

 

Restrict the use of the pesticide to low- or no emission applications (e.g. glasshouses, containers, baiting, dipping, soil incorporation, seed treatment)

Low- or no emission applications should be efficacious.

Engineering controls

 

Apply drift-reducing techniques (e.g. reduced-drift spray nozzles, spray deflectors)

Equipment should be available to the user at an affordable cost

Do not authorize aerial applications

Treatments should be possible with ground-based equipment

Cultivation controls

 

Apply a (vegetated) no-spray buffer strip between the treated field and the off-field area, to reduce drift

Non-target arthropods should be mainly active off-field

"

The buffer strip should not have an unacceptable effect on yield

Labelling

 

Require specific precautionary statements on the label

Users should be literate or have access to a literate person

Environmental risks – Limiting pesticide exposure and adverse effects on birds and mammals (in and off-crop)

Risk mitigation measure 

Conditions

Registration measures

 

Do not register the pesticide (or phase-out a registered pesticide) for some or all uses

Alternative pesticides or pest management options should be available for these uses

Reduce the application rate

Reduced rate should be efficacious

Reduction of the application frequency and/or increase of the treatment interval

Reduced frequency/increased treatment interval should be efficacious

Do not register formulation types that are likely to pose a high risk to birds and mammals (e.g. baits, treated seeds, granules)

Alternative formulations should be efficacious

Restriction in space

 

Restrict the use of the pesticide to low- or no emission applications (e.g. in glasshouses, containers, or dipping, soil incorporation)

Low- or no emission applications should be efficacious.

Do not apply close to vulnerable habitats for birds (e.g. nature reserves; bird sanctuaries)

Geographical restriction of pesticide use should not compromise pest management (e.g. coincide with geographical distribution of the pest)

"

Enforcement should be effective

Restrictions in time

 

Restrict time of application to periods when birds or mammals are not breeding

Temporal restriction of pesticide use should not compromise pest management (e.g. not coincide with the presence of the pest)

"

Enforcement should be effective

Engineering controls

 

Apply drift-reducing techniques (e.g. reduced-drift spray nozzles, spray deflectors)

Equipment should be available to the user at an affordable cost

Do not authorize aerial applications

Treatments should be possible with ground-based equipment

Cultivation controls

 

Apply a (vegetated) no-spray buffer strip between the treated field and the off-field area, to reduce drift

The buffer strip should not have an unacceptable effect on yield

Require soil incorporation of the pesticide (granules) to a certain depth

Appropriate equipment should be available

Limit application to spot or row treatments only

Spot treatement should not compromise pest control

Labelling

 

Require specific precautionary statements on the label

Users should be literate or have access to a literate person

Other risk reduction measures

 

For granules: Require immediate removal of any spills

Manpower should be available

For rodenticides: Require burrow-baiting or the use of bait stations

Bait stations should be available to the user at an affordable cost

For rodenticides: Require removal of dead and moribund rodents and of bait remains, after completion of the control operation.

Manpower should be available