Tratado Internacional sobre los Recursos Fitogenéticos para la Alimentación y la Agricultura

Fondo de distribución de beneficios

Grupo de expertos para la Cuarta convocatoria de propuestas

El Órgano Rector del Tratado Internacional, en su séptimo período de sesiones, aprobó la Cuarta convocatoria de propuestas de proyectos del Fondo de distribución de beneficios (FBS). Dicha convocatoria financiará actividades para la conservación y el uso sostenible de los recursos fitogenéticos para la alimentación y la agricultura (RFAA) con el objetivo general de ayudar a los agricultores a mejorar la resiliencia de los cultivos frente al cambio climático y mejorar su situación de seguridad alimentaria, contribuyendo así a la Agenda 2030 para el Desarrollo Sostenible, en particular a los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible (ODS) 2.5 y el ODS 15.6, ya que se refieren a la biodiversidad.

La cuarta convocatoria de propuestas del Fondo (BSF-4) se lanzó en diciembre de 2017 y pone el énfasis en la creación de nuevas asociaciones, también para mejorar la tecnología y el conocimiento a nivel comunitario y de finca. La convocatoria también destaca el importante papel de la mujer en la gestión de la biodiversidad, la agricultura y el desarrollo rural. Los socios de los proyectos seleccionados para la financiación trabajarán juntos para establecer y fortalecer los vínculos entre los proyectos y en todas las regiones.

De acuerdo con los Procedimientos Operativos para el uso de recursos bajo el control directo del Órgano Rector, las propuestas previas del proyecto recibidas para cada convocatoria del Fondo son evaluadas por un Grupo de Expertos Independientes, usando los criterios establecidos en cada convocatoria. La Mesa del Octavo Órgano Rector solicitó el nombramiento de dos expertos de cada Región de la FAO para formar el Grupo de Expertos para esta convocatoria. Este Grupo está compuesto por expertos en conservación y uso sostenible de recursos fitogenéticos, cambio climático, seguridad alimentaria, mitigación de la pobreza, política internacional y programas de desarrollo en agrobiodiversidad, y en el Tratado Internacional sobre los Recursos Fitogenéticos para la Alimentación y la Agricultura.

A mediados de mayo de 2018 se celebró en Roma una reunión del Grupo de Expertos de la cuarta convocatoria para hacer una selección previa de las propuestas y elaboró una lista de propuestas de alta calidad con sus puntuaciones para que la Mesa las examinara. Después de revisar las recomendaciones del Grupo, la Mesa tomará una decisión final sobre los proyectos que recibirán financiación del Fondo.

Hasta la fecha, el Fondo de distribución de beneficios del Tratado Internacional ha invertido más de USD 20 millones para apoyar 61 proyectos en 55 países en desarrollo durante tres ciclos de proyectos. Estos han tenido un impacto positivo en la vida de alrededor de 1 millón de personas. Los proyectos del Fondo han apoyado el desarrollo, la introducción y uso de cultivos más resilientes a los cambios climáticos, resultando en más de 3000 variedades importantes de cultivos alimentarios, que ahora están disponibles para la comunidad científica internacional y de los expertos en mejora a través del Sistema Multilateral de acceso y distribución de beneficios del Tratado internacional.

AFRICA

AFRICA

Mr Patrick Kasasa is a representative of the Africa Region on the BSF-4 Panel of Experts.

Mr Kasasa currently leads the Agricultural Biodiversity Programme at the Community Technology Development Trust (CTDT), an NGO that actively pursues issues relating to the policies, conservation and sustainable use of plant genetic resources in Zimbabwe.  He is also a member of the National Plant Genetic Resources Committee of Zimbabwe.

Mr Kasasa is currently leading the implementation of a BSF supported project in Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe. He is closely involved in facilitating the introduction of new breeding lines and varieties of sorghum, pearl millets and pigeon peas from the National and International Research Institutions into drought prone communities in Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe for evaluation and possible adoption by farmers, using Participatory Variety Selection methods. Thus far, a total of 100 accessions of genebank materials have been re-introduced in communities where they had been lost in response to demands by farmers who have been hard hit by climate change induced droughts.

Mr Kasasa holds a Master of Agriculture degree (majoring in Agronomy and Soil Fertility from the University of Zimbabwe.

 

Mr Ahmed Amri is a representative of Africa on the BSF-4 Panel of Experts. He has also served on previous BSF Expert Panels.

Mr Amri is currently the Deputy Director of Biodiversity and Integrated Improvement Program and the Head of the Genetic Resources Unit at the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA). He has been with ICARDA since 1999, when he started as Regional Coordinator for a Global Environment Fund (GEF) on the conservation and sustainable use of dryland agrobiodiversity in Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine and Syria. He has also served as ICARDA Regional Coordinator for West Asia and as Coordinator for ICARDA-Iran.

He is actively involved in strengthening pre-breeding activities at ICARDA, ex-situ conservation of plant genetic resources, the establishment of genebanks and efficient conservation programs, promoting the in situ/on-farm conservation of dryland agrobiodiversity and in strengthening regional collaboration in the development of the global system for the conservation and use of plant genetic resources.

Mr Amri earned his PhD in Genetics and Plant Breeding at Kansas State University, USA.

ASIA

ASIA

Mr Sugiono Moeljopawiro is a representative of the Asia Region on the BSF-4 Panel of Experts.

Mr Moeljopawiro is currently a Member of Indonesia’s National Commission of Genetic Resources of the Ministry of Agriculture, a Research Professor in Plant Breeding and Biotechnology, a National Research Reviewer at the Ministry of Research and Technology and Higher Education, and member of the National Commission on Accreditation of Research and Development Institutions in Indonesia. Previously, he has served in various positions on the Commission on Plant Variety Protection of the Ministry of Agriculture, including as Chair. He has also served in various capacities at the Indonesian Ministry of Law and Human Rights, including as Vice Chair for the Expert Team of Geographical Indication. In addition, he has been an active member of the Indonesian Society of Plant Breeders, of which he is still a Member, and of the Indonesian Society of Agricultural Biotechnology, where he served as President.

Mr Moeljopawiro has served as Vice Chair of the Bureau of the First and Second Sessions of the Governing Body of the International Treaty, as well as served as Asia’s Representative Member on the Ad Hoc Committee on the Funding Strategy for the International Treaty.

Mr Moeljopawiro has a PhD in Plant Breeding and Genetics from the University of Arkansas, USA, as well as a Post-Doctorate in Molecular Breeding from Cornell University, USA, in additional of a Master’s in Plant Breeding and Genetics from the University of the Philippines.

 

Mr Tomohiro Kamogawa is a representative of the Asia Region on the BSF-4 Panel of Experts.

Mr Kamogawa is currently a member of the Tsukuba Association Supporting Overseas Plant Genetic Resources Activities (TASO-PGR), as well as a member of the Advisory Committee for "Capacity Building regarding Conservation and Sustainable Use of Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture in ASEAN Region - phase 2," funded by the Japan ASEAN Integration Fund (JAIF). He is also an Advisor for the Sakata Seed Corporation, where he previously served as the Manager of the Genetic Resources Department as well as General Manager for Sakata Seed Chile.

Mr Kamogawa has implemented an ornamental project in Argentina as an expert of the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA). He has also been involved in many Access and Benefit-sharing (ABS) related activities as a member of ABS Task Force of the Japan Bio-industry Association (JBA) and of the committee for the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)/ABS of the Japan Seed Trade Association (JASTA), in addition to contributing to various international fora on plant genetic resources.   

EUROPE

EUROPE

Ms Elin Cecilie Ranum is a representative of the Europe Region on the BSF-4 Panel of Experts.

Ms Ranum is currently the Head of the Programme Department at the Development Fund of Norway, where she is responsible for the overall technical quality of the programme management, from the drafting of proposals to their implementation, monitoring and reporting. Ms Ranum has been an observer to the International Treaty since 2015, and is well-versed with the challenges and possibilities related to its implementation in different parts of the world.

Ms Ranum has in-depth knowledge about the challenges and development potential in rural areas, particularly those of small-scale farmers and indigenous people. She also has considerable experience in sustainable development programmes, particularly vis-à-vis community-based agro-biodiversity management, climate change adaptation and resilient agriculture systems, forestry and REDD+, gender equality and women’s empowerment, and youth and community empowerment. She has worked with development projects in Asia, Africa and Latin America since 2009, and has previously worked and lived in Latin America for 10 years.

 

Ms Isabelle Clement-Nissou is a representative of the Europe Region on the BSF-4 Panel of Experts.

Ms Clement-Nissou is currently the Head of the legal department at Groupement National Interprofessionnel des Semences et Plants(GNIS), the French inter-branch organization for Seeds, where she previously served as the Head of International Relations and was involved with issues relating to plant genetic resources, particularly in relation to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), the FAO Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (CGRFA) and the Nagoya Protocol of the CBD. She was also seconded to the European Commission’s Directorate General for Health and Food Safety (DG Sante), where she was in-charge of plant genetic resources and plant variety protection issues. In addition, during her tenure at the French Ministry of Agriculture, Ms Clement-Nissou was responsible for plant genetic resources and other seed-related issues and was part of the French national delegation during the negotiations of the International Treaty. Prior to joining the Ministry of Agriculture, she worked as a vegetable plant breeder for a plant breeding company.

Ms Clement-Nissou serves as a member in the French committee on plant genetic resources (CTPS), as well as a member of the Administrative Council of the French Research Foundation on Biodiversity where she represents the stakeholders' group on genetic resources.

Ms Clement-Nissou earned her agronomist degree in plant breeding (Ingénieur Agronome) from the Ecole Nationale Supérieure Agronomique (ENSAT) in Toulouse, France.

 

Mr Jan Valkoun is a representative of the Europe Region on the BSF-4 Panel of Experts. He has also served on the second and third BSF Expert Panels.

In addition to his International Treaty-related activities, Mr Valkoun has also participated in a number of activities and events related to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and the Convention to Combat Desertification (CCD), and coordinated the development of the Global Strategy for the Ex Situ Conservation and Use of Barley Germplasm for the Global Crop Diversity Trust.

Over the years, Mr Valkoun has served as the Head of the Genetic Resources Unit at the International Center for Agriculture Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) in Aleppo, Syria, where he participated  in 15 collection missions in the Near East center of crop origin and diversity, projects on in situ and on-farm conservation and wheat pre-breeding; as Head of the Center of Biotechnology at the Research Institute of Crop Production (RICP) in Prague, the Czech Republic, where he also served as Head of the Division of Genetic and Plant Breeding; and as Consultant at the Faculty of Agronomy at the University of Havana in Cuba.

Mr Valkoun earned his PhD in Plant Breeding and Genetics from the University of Agriculture in Prague, former Czechoslovakia.

LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN

LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN

Mr Alejandro Puglisi is a representative of the Latin America and Caribbean region on the BSF-4 Panel of Experts.

Mr Puglisi is currently in-charge of the Monitoring and Evaluation Optimization Project at the Directorate of National Implementation Projects (DPROY) at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Religious Affairs of Argentina. He supervises and provides technical advice to all project officers in their analysis of cooperation requests, and in the development and revision of project documents.

A biologist by training, Mr Puglisi has 8 years of experience in international cooperation projects (formulation, monitoring, and evaluation) implemented with the assistance of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). He is currently responsible for a portfolio of over 15 UNDP projects related to the environment and sustainable development, including issues such as climate change, biodiversity, native forests, desertification, risk management, renewable energy, chemical product management, strengthening of national capacities. In addition, he also has experience evaluating projects of the Global Environment Facility (GEF).

 

Ms Mercedes Rivas is a representative of the Latin America and Caribbean Region on the BSF-4 Panel of Experts.

Ms Rivas is a professor in plant genetic resources and plant breeding at the University of Uruguay, and a member of Uruguay’s National Committee on Plant Genetic Resources.

Ms Rivas has participated in the preparation of the First and Second Country Reports on the “State of Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture” in Uruguay. She has also served as a member of the Ad-hoc Group of Experts on the Access and Distribution of Benefits of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), in addition to working on the elaboration of a legal project on Genetic Resources and Associated Traditional Knowledge in Uruguay.

An agronomist by training, Ms Rivas has a PhD in Plant Breeding and a Master’s in Genetics.

NEAR EAST

NEAR EAST

Ms Lamis Chalak is a representative of the Near East Region on the BSF-4 Panel of Experts. She has also served on all previous BSF Expert Panels.

Ms Chalak is presently a full professor in the Plant Production Department of the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences at the Lebanese University in Beirut, as well as the Head of the National Committee on Plant Genetic Resources in the Ministry of Agriculture of Lebanon. She has also served as the Head of Plant Production Department at the same University, and as Head of Plant Biotechnology Department at the Lebanese Agricultural Research Institute.

In addition, Ms Chalak is also member of the Team of Technical and Legal Experts on Access and Benefit Sharing for Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, and has served as the National Focal Point for the International Treaty and for the Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (CGRFA). She was the Regional Coordinator for a regional project on “Optimizing the use of Plant Genetic Resources in Iran, Egypt, Jordan and Lebanon for adaptation to climate change.” She also led the preparation of the recent country report on “Biodiversity for Food and Agriculture in Lebanon” for the CGRFA, as well as the preparation of the National Strategy for the “Conservation and Management of Plant Genetic Resources in Lebanon” for the Ministry of Agriculture. 

Ms Chalak earned her PhD in Plant Physiology from the University of Montpellier, France.

NORTH AMERICA

NORTH AMERICA

Mr Campbell G. Davidson is one of the representatives of the North America Region on the BSF-4 Panel of Experts. He has also served on previous BSF Expert Panels.

Mr Davidson is a former member of the Canadian Delegation and member of the Bureau of the International Treaty, as well as a delegate to the Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. He participated in the “Interim Committee” ahead of the First Governing Body as well as negotiations to develop the SMTA for the International Treaty.

Even after retiring from Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, where he served as Research Scientist (plant breeding), Research Manager, and advisor in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Ontario, Mr Davidson served as the Chair for USDA External Research Program Review of ornamental crops in 2017; as a member of the Ad hoc Friends of the Co-chairs Group on the Scope of the Multilateral System for the International Treaty (2017); as a Volunteer Facilitator of Biomueso (Museum of Biodiversity) of Panama in 2016; and represented Canada on IICA -Procinorte, Norgen and participated in the SIRGEALC 10 Congress on Genetic Resources for the Americas in Brazil in 2015.  He has also served as Acting Deputy Director General of the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) in Ibadan, Nigeria (2006-07). 

 

Ms Tracy Powell  is a representative of the North America Region on the BSF-4 Panel of Experts.

Ms Powell serves as an Agricultural Research Advisor at the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), where she manages a variety of international agricultural research and development activities, particularly in the areas of crop breeding and biotechnology.

Ms Powell previously served as a science advisor and agricultural development officer at USAID’s Mission to Ethiopia in Addis Ababa, and as a Science & Technology Policy Fellow in USAID’s Bureau for Food Security. She has also worked as a science writer for Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, The Economist, and other publications.

Ms Powell earned her PhD in Plant Biology from the University of California, Berkeley, USA.

SOUTH WEST PACIFIC

SOUTH WEST PACIFIC

Mr Grahame Jackson is a representative of the South West Pacific Region on the BSF-4 Panel of Experts.

Mr Jackson currently chairs PestNet, an online plant pest and disease diagnostic resource, based in Australia. His most recent experience is in project formulation and appraisal, as well as program implementation and review.

Mr Jackson’s technical expertise lies in plant protection and root crops agronomy, with a particular focus on the Pacific and Asia. His work for national, regional and international organizations has involved tissue culture, plant genetic resources and training. 

 

Mr Sam Johnston is a representative of the South West Pacific Region on the BSF-4 Panel of Experts. He also served on the BSF Expert Panel for the second Call for Proposals.

Mr Johnston is currently a Senior Fellow at the Faculty of Law at the University of Melbourne in Australia and is a qualified solicitor in Victoria, Australia. He is a member of the Environmental and Social Safeguards (ESS) Experts Roster for the Green Climate Fund (GCF), where he is also a consultant. In addition, he serves as a consultant for the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). He is a member of member of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Environmental Law Commission and a member of the Advisory Board of the Centre for Resources. He also advises on and teaches Law of the Sea, International Environmental Law and International Resources Law.

Over the last 30 years, Mr Johnston has worked on genetic resource issues for various UN agencies, including the International Treaty.

Grupo de expertos para la Tercera convocatoria de propuestas

Grupo de expertos para la Tercera convocatoria de propuestas


Sra Gigi Manicad
Región de Europa


Sr Jan Valkoun
Región de Europa


Sr Nestor Altoveros
Región de Asia


Sra Teresita Borromeo
Región de Asia


Sr Ahmed Amri
Región de África


Sr John Kanthungo
Región de África

 


Sra Zoila Fundora
Región de América Latina y el Caribe


Sra Clara Oliveira Goedert
Región de América Latina y el Caribe

 


Sra Lamis Chalak
Región del Cercano Oriente


Sr Seyed Yaghoub
Región del Cercano Oriente

 


Sr Sam Johnston
Región del Pacífico Sudoccidental


Sr David Cunningham
Región del Pacífico Sudoccidental

 


Sr Bryan Harvey
Región de Norteamérica


Sr Campbell Davidson
Región de Norteamérica

 

 

Otros expertos:

-Sr Peter BRETTING, Jefe principal del Programa Nacional de Germoplasma de Plantas y de genomas, Departamento de Agricultura de EEUU, USDA-ARS.

-Sr Mahamadou SAWADOGO, profesor de la Universidad de Ouagadougou y Jefe de la Unidad de Promoción de la cooperación en investigación científica del Ministerio de Educación Superior e Investigación Científica de Burkina Faso.

-Sr Peter TRUTMANN, presidente de Acción para las Montañas (Suiza, Perú y Etiopía).

 

 

Grupo de expertos para la Segunda convocatoria de propuestas

Grupo de expertos para la Segunda convocatoria de propuestas

En su segunda reunión, el Órgano Rector adoptó los procedimientos operacionales para el uso de recursos bajo el control directo del Órgano Rector. Uno de los principales pasos en el ciclo de proyectos del Fondo de Distribución de Beneficios es la evaluación de las propuestas de proyectos. La evaluación se hace sobre la base de las recomendaciones de un grupo de expertos designado por la Mesa del Tratado en consulta con sus regiones.

La Mesa de la Tercera Sesión del Órgano Rector abrió la Convocatoria de Propuestas 2010 y designó al Grupo de Expertos para apoyar la evaluación de las propuestas presentadas bajo la convocatoria. La Mesa designó a catorce expertos principales elegidos por su capacidad personal. Los expertos trabajaron sin remuneración.

La evaluación de las propuestas de proyectos se realizó a través de un procedimiento claro, transparente y sencillo, y con los más altos estándares de calidad para satisfacer las altas expectativas sobre el Fondo de Distribución de Beneficios de los solicitantes, las Partes Contratantes, los donantes y las organizaciones posibles socias del Fondo. Las recomendaciones formuladas por el Grupo a la Mesa contribuyeron a asegurar la calidad y el mérito técnico en la evaluación y la aprobación de proyectos.

El Grupo de Expertos inició su labor a principios de febrero de 2011 y finalizó la evaluación de las propuestas de proyecto en julio de 2011. Los expertos realizaron un trabajo individual y también se reunieron dos veces en Roma (del 23 al 25 de febrero y del 25 hasta 27 julio 2011) para una discusión colectiva y la finalización de la evaluación. La Mesa también designó tres expertos adicionales quienes colaboraron en la evaluación de las propuestas.

 


Sra Gigi Manicad
Región de Europa


Sr Jan Valkoun
Región de Europa


Sr Lim Engsiang
Región de Asia


Sra Teresita Borromeo
Región de Asia


Sr Ahmed Amri
Región de África


Sr John Kanthungo
Región de África

 


Sra Zoila Fundora
Región de América Latina y el Caribe


Sra Clara Oliveira Goedert
Región de América Latina y el Caribe

 


Sra Lamis Chalak
Región del Cercano Oriente


Sr Seyed Yaghoub
Región del Cercano Oriente

 


Sr Sam Johnston
Región del Pacífico Sudoccidental


Sr David Cunningham
Región del Pacífico Sudoccidental

 


Sr Bryan Harvey
Región de Norteamérica


Sr Campbell Davidson
Región de Norteamérica

 

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