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International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture

Benefit-sharing Fund

The Funding Strategy

The objectives of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture are the conservation and sustainable use of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of their use, in harmony with the Convention on Biological Diversity, for sustainable agriculture and food security.

In achieving those objectives funding is a critical element and Article 18.1 of the Treaty already states that the “Contracting Parties undertake to implement a funding strategy for the implementation of this Treaty”.

The negotiation process to develop a funding strategy started shortly after entering into force of the International Treaty and it focused in developing Article 18 to enhance the availability, transparency, efficiency and effectiveness of the provision of financial resources to implement activities under the Treaty.

An Open-ended Working Group on the Rules of Procedure and Financial Rules of the Governing Body, Compliance, and the Funding Strategy met in Rome in December 2005, reviewed and revised a draft resolution on the Funding Strategy, to which the draft Funding Strategy was annexed. Both texts were submitted to the Governing Body for its consideration at its First Session, as well as a document with Contracting Parties views on, and suggested text for, the Funding Strategy in the form of a compilation.

The Funding Strategy, which seeks to attract financial resources from all possible sources, was adopted on 16 June 2006 in Madrid by Resolution 1/2006 

In the final text adopted the Global Crop Diversity Trust, officially established in 2004 as a fund operating under international law, was recognized as an essential element of the Funding Strategy in relation to the ex situ conservation and availability of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture.

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History of the the Ad Hoc Advisory Committee on the Funding Strategy

History of the the Ad Hoc Advisory Committee on the Funding Strategy

The Ad Hoc Advisory Committee on the Funding Strategy is the senior committee of the Treaty. It was established by the Governing Body in Resolution 1/2006, adopted in its first meeting in Madrid in 2006. The terms of reference stated that the Committee should be:

"This Committee will, in particular, draft, on the basis of the preparatory work of the Secretariat and information provided by the Parties, priorities, eligibility criteria and operational procedures for the allocation of funds under the direct control of the Governing Body, for the consideration of the Governing Body". 

The Committee convened twice during 2007, i.e. from 26 to 28 March, and from 7 to 8 June and was able to complete its work. With great satisfaction the Committee submitted three draft texts for consideration by the Governing Body and they were adopted and included in Report of the Session.

From the Second to the Fourth Sessions

The Second Governing Body decided to reconvene the Ad Hoc Advisory Committee on the Funding Strategy providing the terms of reference of its work -included also in Appendix D.4 of the Report-. These include the development of a strategic plan for the implementation of the Funding Strategy.

The plan, with a target for funding at the level of US$ 116 million -for a period of 5 years from 2009 to 2014- was also established by the Governing Body in 2009 during the Third Session.

At its Fourth Session in Bali in 2011, the Governing Body adopted a new resolution on the Funding Strategy (3/2011) which contains the interim procedures for reporting monitoring and evaluation of the second round of the project cycle (Annex 1) and the interim procedures for fund disbursements (Annex 2). The Governing Body decided to reconvene the committee with new terms of reference.

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