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Tratado Internacional sobre los Recursos Fitogenéticos para la Alimentación y la Agricultura

El uso sostenible

Plataforma para el desarrollo conjunto y la transferencia de tecnologías

Los interesados en el Tratado Internacional están facultados para utilizar tecnologías para la conservación, caracterización, evaluación y utilización de los recursos fitogenéticos para la alimentación y la agricultura (RFAA). El Tratado confiere a la transferencia de tecnología una importancia fundamental como forma de distribución de los beneficios no monetarios, en su artículo 13.

La Plataforma para el Desarrollo conjunto y la transferencia de tecnologías se estableció como un seguimiento directo del Plan de acción de Río en seis puntos para el Tratado Internacional adoptado en 2012 en la Segunda Mesa redonda de Alto Nivel del Tratado, con ocasión de la Conferencia de las Naciones Unidas sobre el Desarrollo Sostenible.

La Plataforma facilita el debate y la coordinación en temas relacionados con la identificación de necesidades y el desarrollo de paquetes de tecnologías en el contexto del Tratado Internacional. La Plataforma, con sus objetivos y principios de funcionamiento, se presentó a la quinta y sexta reuniones del Órgano Rector en 2013 y 2015 y fue adoptada como parte del Programa de trabajo sobre el uso sostenible en tanto que mecanismo para establecer asociaciones en favor del desarrollo conjunto y de la transferencia de tecnologías sobre RFAA.

En su primera reunión en Brasil la Plataforma decidió crear paquetes de transferencia de tecnologías, mientras que en sus segunda y tercera reuniones en Indonesia e Italia, avanzó aún más en el desarrollo del análisis de las iniciativas existentes y de las metodologías para la evaluación de las necesidades.

La Plataforma está operando bajo la presidencia de la Agencia Indonesia de Investigación Agrícola y Desarrollo (IAARD) -Gobierno de Indonesia-, que proporciona una unidad de coordinación y enlace. El trabajo de la Plataforma conecta otros sistemas y mecanismos del Tratado, en particular, el Sistema multilateral, el Fondo de distribución de beneficios, el Programa de formación y desarrollo de capacidades y el Programa de trabajo sobre el uso sostenible.

Desde entonces, la Plataforma ha reforzado su programa inicial de trabajo a través de la celebración de reuniones anuales, y de una serie de actividades que incluyen el desarrollo de estudios internacionales conjuntos y de servicios para sus socios.

Mission

Mission

Objectives of the Platform

The Platform seeks:

  1. To respond to needs identified and problems perceived by target beneficiaries, namely small farmers and their communities;
  2. To create a functioning network of institutions with the skills and experience to support and undertake initiatives and projects that aim to co-develop and transfer technologies to beneficiaries in developing countries; 
  3. To contribute to food security, and the social and economic development of the target beneficiaries, through the establishment of a “one-stop shop” for coherent “technology packets”, based on the understanding of technology co-development and transfer pathways and the mapping of actors involved;
  4. To promote the co-development and transfer of technologies, recognizing that technology transfer requires a range of supporting activities, in particular information sharing and capacity- and institution- building;
  5. To mobilize in-kind contributions from both the public and the private sectors for this purpose;
  6. To mobilize financial and in-kind support to deliver relevant technologies, including through the Treaty’s Benefit-sharing Fund;
  7. To support the implementation of the Benefit-sharing Fund project cycle through the provision of relevant expert advice and capacity

Principles of the Platform

The Platform adheres to the following principles:

  1. The Platform considers that technology transfer is a means to deliver benefits to target beneficiaries, rather than an end in itself.
  2. The Platform follows a problem solving-based approach (i.e. the identification of existing constraints as the basis for undertaking technology co-development and transfer).
  3. The Platform recognizes that there is a wide range of approaches to technology transfer, and a broad range of potential solutions, in responding to needs. Hence, the Platform does not adopt a single model of technology co-development and transfer; it evaluates the usefulness of different models based on parameters such as the capacity to lead to integrated technology packets and to technologies adapted to the needs of small farmers and their communities.
  4. The Platform pursues technology co-development and transfer along the entire value chain, from the distribution of germplasm for research and breeding to the release of improved varieties to farmers, including through technologies in support of the Global Information System of Article 17 of the International Treaty.
  5. The establishment of and progress with the Platform will be reported to sessions of the Governing Body.
  6. The Platform will consult with a wide range of stakeholders in the International Treaty, in developing and implementing its activities.
  7. In keeping with the Treaty’s multilateral objectives, genetic material developed in the context of initiatives and projects supported by the Platform will be available through the Multilateral System of Access and Benefit-sharing.

Meetings

Meetings

In Resolution 4/2011, the Governing Body called for the necessary measures to realize technology transfer to be facilitated. The Governing Body may wish to note that the Rio Six Point Action Plan for the International Treaty, which was adopted at the Second High-level Round Table of the Treaty, recommends, as one of the priority actions to be undertaken by stakeholders in the Treaty, to establish a platform for the co-development and transfer of technology within the context of non-monetary benefit-sharing under the Treaty.

The Rio Six-Point Action Plan for the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture:

  1. To establish a Platform for the Co-Development and Transfer of Technologies, within the context of non-monetary benefit-sharing under the Treaty;
  2. To promote a public-private partnership for pre-breeding,;
  3. To facilitate a new Keystone-type dialogue, to complete the governance of all plant genetic resources for food and agriculture under the Treaty;
  4. To raise awareness of the actual and potential value of underutilized species of local and regional importance for food security and sustainable development;
  5. To sensibilize policy makers and other key stakeholders about the importance of fully implementing the Treaty, not only for food and agriculture, but also for food security, nutrition and the resilience of agriculture systems, particularly in the context of the climate change; and
  6. To explore the possible expansion the list of the crops included in the Annex I to the Treaty

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