Potato world

The IYP Secretariat wishes to thank the International Potato Center and FAO's Statistics Division for their invaluable assistance in compiling our "Potato world" section

Potato world

Developed
countries
Developing
countries
World

World potato production, 1991-2007

1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007
Countriesmillion tonnes
Developed 183.13 199.31 177.47 174.63 165.93 166.93 160.97 159.97 159.89
Developing 84.86 101.95 108.50 128.72 135.15 145.92 152.11 160.01 165.41
WORLD 267.99 301.26 285.97 303.35 301.08 312.85 313.08 319.98 325.30
Source: FAOSTAT

Top potato producers, 2007

Quantity (tonnes)
1. China72 040 000
2. Russian Fed.36 784 200
3. India26 280 000
4. United States20 373 267
5. Ukraine19 102 300
6. Poland11 791 072
7. Germany11 643 769
8. Belarus8 743 976
9. Netherlands7 200 000
10. France6 271 000
Source: FAOSTAT

The world potato sector is undergoing major changes. Until the early 1990s, most potatoes were grown and consumed in Europe, North America and countries of the former Soviet Union. Since then, there has been a dramatic increase in potato production and demand in Asia, Africa and Latin America, where output rose from less than 30 million tonnes in the early 1960s to more than 165 million tonnes in 2007. FAO data show that in 2005, for the first time, the developing world's potato production exceeded that of the developed world. China is now the biggest potato producer, and almost a third of all potatoes is harvested in China and India.

Europe
Latin
America
Asia/Oceania
Africa
North America
Production
quantity

Potato production, by region, 2007

Harvested area Quantity Yield
hectarestonnestonnes/hectare
Africa1 541 49816 706 57310.8
Asia/Oceania8 732 961137 343 66415.7
Europe7 473 628130 223 96017.4
Latin America963 76615 682 94316.3
North America615 87825 345 30541.2
WORLD19 327 731325 302 44516.8
Source: FAOSTAT

Asia and Europe are the world's major potato producing regions, accounting for more than 80 percent of world production in 2007. While harvests in Africa and Latin America were far smaller, production was at or near record levels. North America was the clear leader in yields, at more than 40 tonnes per hectare.

Europe
Latin
America
Asia/Oceania
Africa
North America
Consumption
(per capita)

Potato consumption, by region, 2005

PopulationConsumption
Total food (t)kg per capita
Africa904 388 00012 571 00013.9
Asia/Oceania 3 934 644 00094 038 00023.9
Europe739 203 000 64 902 00087.8
Latin America562 270 00011 639 00020.7
North America330 400 00019 824 00060.0
WORLD6 484 792 000202 974 00031.3
Source: FAOSTAT

Asia consumes almost half of the world's potato supply, but its huge population means that consumption per person was a modest 24 kg in 2005. The heartiest potato eaters are Europeans. Per capita consumption is lowest, but increasing, in Africa and Latin America.

Top potato consumers, 2005

Quantity (t) Kg per capita
1. China47 594 1931. Belarus181
2. Russian Fed.18 828 0002. Kyrgyzstan143
3. India17 380 7303. Ukraine136
4. United States17 105 0004. Russian Fed.131
5. Ukraine6 380 8505. Poland131
6. United Kingdom6 169 0006. Rwanda125
7. Germany5 572 0007. Lithuania116
8. Poland5 000 0008. Latvia114
9. Bangladesh4 041 4639. Kazakhstan103
10. Iran (Islamic Rep.)3 991 14210. United Kingdom102
Source: FAOSTAT