Fisheries and aquaculture emergency response guidance
Review recommendations for best practice
This document contains the proceedings of the FAO workshop entitled “Best practice in responding to emergencies in the fisheries and aquaculture sectors”, held from 15 to 16 March 2012 in Rome, Italy. Experts in the fields of fisheries and aquaculture policy and management, post-harvest practices and trade, fishing operations, enviromnent and of social development and vulnerable groups contributed technical background papers relating to the challenge of responding to emergencies that affect the fisheries and aquaculture sector. Populations depending on fisheries and aquaculture for their livelihoods are threatened not only by natural hazards but also by human induced events and other developments beyond their control. Responding to fisheries and aquaculture in an emergency situation presents a range of complex issues. The demand for improved guidance for response and recovery in the fisheries and aquaculture sector was voiced by FAO partners including recently in a series of consultation meetings relating to disaster risk management held in 2009 and 2010 (FAO, 2010(a), FAO 2010 (b)). In response to this demand, FAO is leading a process to develop guidance for disaster response and recovery in fisheries and aquaculture. The Fisheries and aquaculture emergency response guidance (the Guidance) will compile the best practice in disaster response and recovery for fisheries and aquaculture and in turn help to ensure that disaster response and recovery for fisheries and aquaculture is consistent with the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. The Guidance will support both the saving of lives and the saving of livelihoods through two key strategies: assisting in the identification of the most appropriate fisheries and aquaculture interventions in emergencies; by setting out the best practice and providing guidance notes for these interventions. In the process of developing the best practice and guidance, a team of experts were invited to identify best practice and guidance across a range of technical areas. This workshop was designed to provide the opportunity for discussions around the recommendations for best practice and how these could be presented in the form of guidance. In this report the outcomes from these discussions and presentations have been consolidated into three areas which are: 1. the challenges to implementing best practice in an emergency context; 2. the opportunities presented by the emergency context; and 3. the recommendations for best practice as presented by each of the technical experts. In the closing session of the workshop the challenges of bringing response efforts across the elements of fisheries and aquaculture to create coherent guidance were emphasised as was the need to take advantage of the opportunities presented by an emergency situation to make a contribution to long-term development by “buildingback better”. In supporting the use of the Guidance the participants emphasised the importance of a programme that enables it to be disseminated in the most effective form for the target users.