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The 2015 State of Food Insecurity in the World

The 2015 State of Food Insecurity in the World report assesses global achievements in reaching Millennium Development Goal One (MDG1) and World Food Summit hunger targets. It identifies assessment indicators and factors that influence hunger reduction.


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Recent eBook releases

Global Forest Resources Assessment 2015

Building on data that is more comprehensive and reliable than ever before, covering 234 countries and territories, the Global Forest Resources Assessment 2015 shows encouraging signs of improved forest management and a global slowdown in deforestation. However these trends need to be strengthened, especially in countries that are lagging behind.


Dig it! The Secrets of Soil 

These DIG IT! education materials were developed by NACD based on an exhibition developed by the Smithsonian’s National Museum of Natural History and sponsored by the Soil Science Society of America and the Nutrients for Life Foundation. This version of Dig it! was adapted by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in the context of the International Year of Soils 2015.








Uses of geothermal energy in food and agriculture – Opportunities for developing countries

This book summarizes the current status of geothermal energy use in agriculture and agro-industry sectors around the world and seeks to provide developing countries with guidance on how to utilize geothermal energy to develop their agriculture and agro-industry sectors.


Making economic corridors work for the agricultural sector

This book shows how agrocorridors can be instrumental in attracting agribusiness investments into a specific territory, while improving physical connectivity and functioning of markets. It provides policy-makers and practitioners with evidence-based, practical instruments to guide the design and implementation of agrocorridors.


World Fertilizer Trends and Outlook to 2018

This report presents the world nitrogen, phosphate and potassium fertilizer medium-term supply and demand projections for the period 2014-2018.


The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2014

The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2014 presents updated estimates of undernourishment and progress towards the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) and World Food Summit (WFS) hunger targets.


Coping with Climate Change - The Roles of Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture

This eBook aims to raise awareness of the important roles of genetic resources for food and agriculture in coping with climate change and to contribute to the mainstreaming of genetic resources for food and agriculture into climate change adaptation and mitigation planning at national and international levels.


The State of Food and Agriculture 2014 

The 2014 edition of The State of Food and Agriculture report considers innovations in family farms and their role in ensuring global food security, poverty reduction and environmental sustainability.


Food Outlook - October 2014

This twice-yearly report focuses on developments affecting the world’s food and feed markets and is closely associated with another major FAO publication entitled Crop Prospects and Food Situation.


The State of the World’s Forest Genetic Resources

This FAO flagship publication entitled The State of the World’s Forest Genetic Resources reviews the conservation, management and use of tree and other woody plant genetic resources that are valuable to human well-being. The report complements two other FAO flagship publications in the field of forestry, the annual State of the World’s Forests and the periodic Global Forest Resources Assessment (FRA). It will help to differentiate between the state of the world’s forest resources and the state of the genetic resources on which they depend for their utility, adaptability and health.


State of the World's Forests 2014

This edition of The State of the World’s Forests systematically gathers and analyses data on the contribution of forests to people’s livelihoods, food, health, shelter and energy needs. It also suggests how information might be improved and policies adjusted towards enhancing the socioeconomic benefits of forests in the future.


The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2014 (SOFIA)

The 2014 issue of The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture  analyses a number of important themes including the role of aquaculture in improving nutrition and reducing harmful practices and poor management that threaten the sector's sustainability.


Food Outlook - May 2014

This twice-yearly report, the Food Outlook focuses on developments affecting the world’s food and feed markets and is closely associated with another major FAO publication entitled Crop Prospects and Food Situation.


The feed analysis laboratory: establishment and quality control

This publication presents the sequence of activities for establishing a Feed Quality Analysis Laboratory: from initial planning, building and layout, through hiring suitable staff and selecting methods and equipment to culminating in accreditation, based on an estimated four-year time frame.


Quinoa in the kitchen

This publication explores the ancient origins of quinoa and outlines its nutritional properties and contributions to local gastronomic traditions, food biodiversity, and smallholder farmers and producers. The recipes were provided by world-renowned chefs, with emphasis placed on ease of preparation and use of local ingredients.


Guidelines for the fisheries and aquaculture sector on damage and needs assessments in emergencies

Populations depending on fisheries and aquaculture for their livelihoods are threatened, not only by natural hazards, but also by human-induced events beyond their control. These guidelines have been developed with a wide range of partners to support post disaster damage and needs assessments in the fisheries and aquaculture sector. 


Coping with water scarcity
An action framework for agriculture and food security

This report provides a conceptual framework for addressing food security under conditions of water scarcity in agriculture. The document examines the conceptual framework on which FAO’s water scarcity programme should be based, proposes a set of definitions associated with the concept of water scarcity, and indicates the main principles that FAO should follow to best support its member countries.


Genebank Standards for Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture

Plant genetic resources are a strategic resource at the heart of sustainable crop production. Their efficient conservation and use is critical to safeguard food and nutrition security, now and in the future. The loss of genetic diversity reduces the options for sustainably managing resilient agriculture, in the face of adverse environments, and rapidly fluctuating meteorological conditions. Well-managed genebanks both safeguard genetic diversity and make it available to breeders. These voluntary Standards set the benchmark for current scientific and technical best practices, and support the key international policy instruments for the conservation and use of plant genetic resources.


World Livestock 2013: Changing disease landscapes

World Livestock 2013: Changing disease landscapes offers a comprehensive approach for the promotion of global health and gives greater emphasis on agro-ecological resilience, protection of biodiversity and efficient use of natural resources to ensure safer food supply chains. The publication explores three key areas:  the Pressure, including drivers and risk factors that contribute to disease emergence, spread and persistence; the State, describing the disease dynamics that result from the Pressure and their subsequent impact; and the Response, required both to adapt and improve the State and to mitigate the Pressure.


Tackling climate change through livestock 

A global assessment of emissions and mitigation opportunities

Greenhouse gas emissions by the livestock sector could be cut by as much as 30 percent through the wider use of existing best practices and technologies. This report represents the most comprehensive estimate made to-date of livestock’s contribution to global warming – as well as the sector’s potential to help tackle the problem. This publication is aimed at professionals in food and agriculture as well as policy makers.


Crop yield response to water

This publication lists a set of tools which provide the means to sharpen assessment and management capacities required to: compare the result of several water allocations plans; improve soil-moisture control-practices under rainfed conditions; optimize irrigation scheduling (either full, deficit or supplementary); sustainably intensify crop production; close the yield and water-productivity gaps; quantify the impact of climate variability and change on cropping systems; enhance strategies for increased water productivity and water savings; minimize the negative impact on the environment caused by agriculture. These tools are invaluable to various agricultural practitioners including, but not limited to: water managers and planners; extension services; irrigation districts; consulting engineers; governmental agencies; non-governmental organizations and farmers´associations; agricultural economists and research scientists.

Part I. Yield response to water

Part II. Crop yield response to water: Herbaceous crops


Part III. Crop yield response to water: Fruit trees & vines


Milk and dairy products in human nutrition

Milk and dairy product are not only a vital source of nutrition but they also represent livelihood opportunities for farm families, processors and other stakeholders in dairy value chains. This publication draws together information on nutrition, and dairy-industry development, providing a rich source of useful material on the role of dairy products in human nutrition and the way that investment in dairy-industry development has changed.


Food Outlook, November 2013

Food Outlook is a biannual publication focusing on developments affecting global food and feed markets. The report focuses on developments in international markets, giving comprehensive assessments and forecasts on a commodity by commodity basis. The November 2013 issue includes a special feature on the revised methodology for the Food Price Index calculation.

The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2013: The multiple dimensions of food security

The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2013 presents updated estimates of undernourishment and progress towards the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) and World Food Summit (WFS) hunger targets. The latest assessment shows that further progress has been made towards the 2015 MDG target, which remains within reach for the developing regions as a whole, although marked differences across regions persist and considerable and immediate additional efforts will be needed.

Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the context of national food security

The Voluntary Guidelines promote secure tenure rights and equitable access to land, fisheries and forests as a means of eradicating hunger and poverty, supporting sustainable development and enhancing the environment. They were officially endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security on 11 May 2012. Since then implementation has been encouraged by G20, Rio+ 20, United Nations General Assembly and Francophone Assembly of Parliamentarians.

Quality Assurance for Animal Feed Analysis Laboratories

FAO Animal Production and Health Manuals

Every sector of the livestock industry, the associated services and the wellbeing of both animals and humans are influenced by animal feeding. This document gives a comprehensive account of good laboratory practices, quality assurance procedures and examples of standard operating procedures as used in individual specialist laboratories. The manual will be useful for laboratory analysts, laboratory managers, research students and teachers and it is hoped that it will enable workers in animal industry, including the aquaculture industry, to appreciate the importance of proven reliable data and the associated quality assurances approaches.

Edible insects

Future prospects for food and feed security

Launched during the International Conference on Forests for Food Security and Nutrition, this publication describes the contribution of insects to food security. It shows the many traditional and potential new uses of insects for direct human consumption and the opportunities for and constraints to farming them for food and feed. It examines the body of research on issues such as insect nutrition and food safety, the use of insects as animal feed, and the processing and preservation of insects and their products.

Trends and impacts on foreign investments in developing country agriculture 

Evidence from case studies 

Substantial increases in agricultural investments in developing countries are needed to combat poverty and realize food security and nutrition goals. In order to acquire an in-depth understanding of potential benefits, constraints and costs of foreign investment in agriculture and of the business models that are more conducive to development, FAO has undertaken research in developing countries. This publication summarizes the results of this research, in particular through the presentation of case studies on policies to attract foreign investment in agriculture and their impacts on national economic development in selected countries in Africa, Asian and Latin America.


Fishing harbour planning, construction and management

This publication should enable consultants, architects and contractors involved in any stage of design or construction of a fish landing or port to avoid the mistakes of old as it covers all the aspects of fishing port infrastructure, from inception to construction and management of the fishing port or landing once constructed. 

Part I deals with the planning required for fishing ports and includes the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries, International Conventions, needs assessment and environmental auditing, all of which impact the decision-making process  during the planning stage.


Part II deals with the physical construction of the port itself and discusses issues relating to hydrographic surveys, dredging, breakwater construction, quays, slipways and construction materials. 


Part III deals with port management and covers both software (port management bodies) and the hardware (port fittings, shore based infrastructure, renewable energy and public health and hygiene) required to run the port.


Food Outlook, June 2013

Food Outlook is a biannual publication focusing on developments affecting global food and feed markets. The sub-title "Global Market Analysis" reflects this focus on developments in international markets, with comprehensive assessments and forecasts on a commodity by commodity basis.

Crop Prospects and Food Situation

Crop Prospects and Food Situation is published four times a year and focuses on developments affecting the food situation of developing countries and the Low-Income Food-Deficit Countries (LIFDCs) in particular. The report provides a review of the food situation by geographic region, a section dedicated to the LIFDCs and a list of countries requiring external assistance for food. It also includes a global cereal supply and demand overview to complement the biannual analysis in the Food Outlook publication.


Save and grow: cassava

A guide to sustainable production intensification

This is the first in a series of guides on applying FAO's ''save and grow'' model of agriculture to smallholder crops and farming systems. It illustrated the practical application of this ecosystem-based approach to profitable and sustainable cassava production.


The State of Food and Agriculture: Food systems for better nutrition

Malnutrition – in the form of undernutrition, micronutrient deficiencies, and overweight and obesity – imposes unacceptably high economic and social costs on countries at all income levels. The causes of malnutrition are complex, yet all forms of malnutrition share one common feature: nutritionally inappropriate diets. The State of Food and Agriculture 2013 makes the case that healthy diets and good nutrition begin with food and agriculture.

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FAO in the 21st century

Ensuring food security in a changing world

This publication details our current knowledge on the complex and interrelated challenges that are compounding efforts to achieve global food security. It discusses likely implications for the food and agriculture sector and for hunger and poverty reduction efforts, including FAO's role in assisting members in the coming years.

Family Nutrition Guide

The Family Nutrition Guide is a practical guide that aims to improve the feeding and nutrition of families in developing countries. It is primarily written for health workers, nutritionists, agricultural extensionists or other development workers who design nutrition education materials and activities and work with people at community level. 


Fats and Fatty Acids in Human Nutrition

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO), in their roles as technical agencies of the United Nations (UN), are charged with providing science-based guidance on food and nutrition to national governments and the international community. 


Guidelines for measuring household and individual dietary diversity

The guidelines describe the use of the dietary diversity questionnaire at both the household and individual level, for which calculation of the score is slightly different in each case. The data collected can also be analyzed to provide information on specific food groups of interest. 


A New Deal for School Gardens

School gardens are run for a variety of reasons. Some that are gaining prominence in all parts of the world are the promotion of good diet, nutrition education, and the development of livelihood skills, together with the power to extend this learning beyond the school itself in a variety of ways. This educational focus can be an important long-term contributor to national health and food security. 


Regional Overview of Food Insecurity. Asia and the Pacific

Towards a Food Secure Asia and the Pacific

This regional overview has been prepared to take stock of the current food security situation, present the challenges of ensuring food security in the context of growing and changing patterns of food demand, and propose key measures that must be taken in a coordinated manner by different stakeholders in this very dynamic and populous part of the world. Part I presents the region’s progress in meeting the Millennium Development Goal 1 and the World Food Summit targets in reducing the proportion and number of undernourished, respectively. Part II discusses insights from a suite of indicators related to the four dimensions of food security (food availability, access to food, stability and utilization); the future outlook towards 2050; policies, actions, commitments and initiatives by countries and regional organizations to address existing and emerging food security challenges; and finally, the path ahead to eradicating hunger and ensuring food and nutrition security in the region.