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Recent eBook releases
The Second Report on the State of the World’s Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture: FAO Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture Assessments
This report updates the global assessment provided in the first report on The State of the World’s Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, published in 2007. Drawing on 129 country reports, it presents an analysis of the state of livestock diversity, the influence of livestock-sector trends on the management of animal genetic resources, the state of capacity to manage animal genetic resources, including legal and policy frameworks, and the state of the art in tools and methods for characterization, valuation, use, development and conservation.
Save and Grow in practice: maize, rice, wheat: A guide to sustainable cereal production
This new book looks at the application of “Save and Grow” practices and technologies to production of the world’s key food security crops – maize, rice and wheat. With examples drawn from developing countries worldwide, it shows how eco-friendly farming systems are helping smallholder producers to boost cereal yields, improve their incomes and livelihoods, conserve natural resources, reduce negative impacts on the environment, and build resilience to climate change.
Achieving Zero Hunger: The Critical Role of Investments in Social Protection and Agriculture. Second edition
This paper provides estimates of investment costs, both public and private, required to eliminate chronic dietary energy deficits, or to achieve zero hunger by 2030.
Making it count: increasing the impact of climate change and food security education programmes
The research is summarized and evaluated to develop a set of recommendations on how to better focus educational activities for maximum impact on individuals, local communities and the wider world. The challenge for educators now is to turn this evidence into reality; to develop and deliver educational resources and experiences that trigger long-term behavior change.
Voluntary guidelines to support the integration of genetic diversity into national climate change adaptation planning
The guidelines take account of the characteristics of different genetic resources for food and agriculture which face different challenges and opportunities in respect to climate change. The objectives of the guidelines are to promote the use of genetic resources for food and agriculture in climate change adaptation and support their integration into national climate change adaptation planning; to support the genetic resources experts ; and to promote the involvement of genetic resources stakeholders in the national climate change adaptation planning process.
Mediterranean food consumption patterns:Diet, environment, society, economy and health
The objective of this document is to highlight the role that the current food consumption patterns play in food and nutrition security, public health, environment protection and socio-economic development in the Mediterranean region.
The State of Agricultural Commodity Markets 2015–16 (SOCO) Trade and food security: achieving a better balance between national priorities and the collective good
This edition of The State of Agricultural Commodity Markets aims to reduce the current polarization of views on the impacts of agricultural trade on food security and on the manner in which agricultural trade should be governed to ensure that increased trade openness is beneficial to all countries. By providing evidence and clarity on a range of topics, the report seeks to contribute to a more informed debate on policy choices and to identify required improvements in the policy processes within which these choices are made.
1964 - 2014 FAO Investment Centre: 50 Years of development support
We have prepared this book to tell the story of how the Investment Centre came to be and what it is now, and what we hope it will be in the years to come.
Processing of fresh-cut tropical fruits and vegetables: A technical guide
This technical guide reviews, from a theoretical and practical perspective, the critical issues that must be addressed for fresh-cut produce to meet consumer demand for convenience, quality and safety. A case study on fresh-cut processing in Thailand is included. The guide should be of practical value to small processors, trainers and extension workers who provide support to individuals engaged in production of fresh-cut tropical produce for sale.
70 Years of FAO (1945-2015)
This book tells the story of these seven decades of the history of FAO, its protagonists and their endeavours. We have dug into the FAO archives to bring to light unpublished black and white images, which form a portfolio of evocative images of the early years of the Organization.
The State of Food Insecurity in the CARICOM Caribbean: Meeting the 2015 hunger targets: Taking stock of uneven progress
This report presents the overview of food and nutrition security from the standpoint of what FAO classifies as the four pillars of food security, in the context of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG).
The State of Food and Agriculture 2015 (SOFA): Social Protection and Agriculture: Breaking the Cycle of Rural Poverty
Despite significant progress in meeting the Millennium Development Goals on poverty and hunger, almost a billion people still live in extreme poverty (less than $1.25 per person per day) and 795 million still suffer from chronic hunger. Much more will have to be done to achieve the new Sustainable Development Goals on eradicating poverty and hunger by 2030.
The State of Food and Agriculture 2015 in Brief (SOFA)
The State of Food and Agriculture 2015 in Brief is a summary of FAO’s major annual flagship report. The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) on reducing poverty have been met by many countries, yet many others lag behind and the post-2015 challenge will be the full eradication of poverty and hunger.
The State of Food Insecurity in the World (SOFI) 2015: Meeting the 2015 international hunger targets: taking stock of uneven progress
This year´s annual State of Food Insecurity in the World report takes stock of progress made towards achieving the internationally established Millennium Development Goal (MDG1) and World Food Summit hunger targets and reflects on what needs to be done, as we transition to the new post-2015 Sustainable Development Agenda. The report reviews progress made since 1990 for every country and region as well as for the world as a whole. Progress towards the MDG 1 target, however, is assessed not only by measuring undernourishment, or hunger, but also by a second indicator – the prevalence of underweight children under five years of age. The 2015 report not only estimates the progress already achieved, but also identifies remaining problems, and provides guidance on which policies should be emphasized in the future. Key factors that have determined success to date towards food security and nutrition goals are identified. The list of factors – economic growth, agricultural productivity growth, markets (including international trade) and social protection – is by no means exhaustive.
Dig it! The Secrets of Soil
These DIG IT! education materials were developed by NACD based on an exhibition developed by the Smithsonian’s National Museum of Natural History and sponsored by the Soil Science Society of America and the Nutrients for Life Foundation. This version of Dig it! was adapted by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in the context of the International Year of Soils 2015.
Uses of geothermal energy in food and agriculture – Opportunities for developing countries
This book summarizes the current status of geothermal energy use in agriculture and agro-industry sectors around the world and seeks to provide developing countries with guidance on how to utilize geothermal energy to develop their agriculture and agro-industry sectors.
Making economic corridors work for the agricultural sector
This book shows how agrocorridors can be instrumental in attracting agribusiness investments into a specific territory, while improving physical connectivity and functioning of markets. It provides policy-makers and practitioners with evidence-based, practical instruments to guide the design and implementation of agrocorridors.
World Fertilizer Trends and Outlook to 2018
This report presents the world nitrogen, phosphate and potassium fertilizer medium-term supply and demand projections for the period 2014-2018.
The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2014
The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2014 presents updated estimates of undernourishment and progress towards the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) and World Food Summit (WFS) hunger targets.
Coping with Climate Change - The Roles of Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
This eBook aims to raise awareness of the important roles of genetic resources for food and agriculture in coping with climate change and to contribute to the mainstreaming of genetic resources for food and agriculture into climate change adaptation and mitigation planning at national and international levels.
The State of Food and Agriculture 2014
The 2014 edition of The State of Food and Agriculture report considers innovations in family farms and their role in ensuring global food security, poverty reduction and environmental sustainability.
Food Outlook - October 2014
This twice-yearly report focuses on developments affecting the world’s food and feed markets and is closely associated with another major FAO publication entitled Crop Prospects and Food Situation.
The State of the World’s Forest Genetic Resources
This FAO flagship publication entitled The State of the World’s Forest Genetic Resources reviews the conservation, management and use of tree and other woody plant genetic resources that are valuable to human well-being. The report complements two other FAO flagship publications in the field of forestry, the annual State of the World’s Forests and the periodic Global Forest Resources Assessment (FRA). It will help to differentiate between the state of the world’s forest resources and the state of the genetic resources on which they depend for their utility, adaptability and health.
State of the World's Forests 2014
This edition of The State of the World’s Forests systematically gathers and analyses data on the contribution of forests to people’s livelihoods, food, health, shelter and energy needs. It also suggests how information might be improved and policies adjusted towards enhancing the socioeconomic benefits of forests in the future.
The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2014 (SOFIA)
The 2014 issue of The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture analyses a number of important themes including the role of aquaculture in improving nutrition and reducing harmful practices and poor management that threaten the sector's sustainability.
Food Outlook - May 2014
This twice-yearly report, the Food Outlook focuses on developments affecting the world’s food and feed markets and is closely associated with another major FAO publication entitled Crop Prospects and Food Situation.
The feed analysis laboratory: establishment and quality control
This publication presents the sequence of activities for establishing a Feed Quality Analysis Laboratory: from initial planning, building and layout, through hiring suitable staff and selecting methods and equipment to culminating in accreditation, based on an estimated four-year time frame.
Quinoa in the kitchen
This publication explores the ancient origins of quinoa and outlines its nutritional properties and contributions to local gastronomic traditions, food biodiversity, and smallholder farmers and producers. The recipes were provided by world-renowned chefs, with emphasis placed on ease of preparation and use of local ingredients.
Guidelines for the fisheries and aquaculture sector on damage and needs assessments in emergencies
Populations depending on fisheries and aquaculture for their livelihoods are threatened, not only by natural hazards, but also by human-induced events beyond their control. These guidelines have been developed with a wide range of partners to support post disaster damage and needs assessments in the fisheries and aquaculture sector.
Coping with water scarcity
An action framework for agriculture and food security
This report provides a conceptual framework for addressing food security under conditions of water scarcity in agriculture. The document examines the conceptual framework on which FAO’s water scarcity programme should be based, proposes a set of definitions associated with the concept of water scarcity, and indicates the main principles that FAO should follow to best support its member countries.
Genebank Standards for Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
Plant genetic resources are a strategic resource at the heart of sustainable crop production. Their efficient conservation and use is critical to safeguard food and nutrition security, now and in the future. The loss of genetic diversity reduces the options for sustainably managing resilient agriculture, in the face of adverse environments, and rapidly fluctuating meteorological conditions. Well-managed genebanks both safeguard genetic diversity and make it available to breeders. These voluntary Standards set the benchmark for current scientific and technical best practices, and support the key international policy instruments for the conservation and use of plant genetic resources.
World Livestock 2013: Changing disease landscapes
World Livestock 2013: Changing disease landscapes offers a comprehensive approach for the promotion of global health and gives greater emphasis on agro-ecological resilience, protection of biodiversity and efficient use of natural resources to ensure safer food supply chains. The publication explores three key areas: the Pressure, including drivers and risk factors that contribute to disease emergence, spread and persistence; the State, describing the disease dynamics that result from the Pressure and their subsequent impact; and the Response, required both to adapt and improve the State and to mitigate the Pressure.
Tackling climate change through livestock
A global assessment of emissions and mitigation opportunities
Greenhouse gas emissions by the livestock sector could be cut by as much as 30 percent through the wider use of existing best practices and technologies. This report represents the most comprehensive estimate made to-date of livestock’s contribution to global warming – as well as the sector’s potential to help tackle the problem. This publication is aimed at professionals in food and agriculture as well as policy makers.
Crop yield response to water
This publication lists a set of tools which provide the means to sharpen assessment and management capacities required to: compare the result of several water allocations plans; improve soil-moisture control-practices under rainfed conditions; optimize irrigation scheduling (either full, deficit or supplementary); sustainably intensify crop production; close the yield and water-productivity gaps; quantify the impact of climate variability and change on cropping systems; enhance strategies for increased water productivity and water savings; minimize the negative impact on the environment caused by agriculture. These tools are invaluable to various agricultural practitioners including, but not limited to: water managers and planners; extension services; irrigation districts; consulting engineers; governmental agencies; non-governmental organizations and farmers´associations; agricultural economists and research scientists.
Part I. Yield response to water
Part III. Crop yield response to water: Fruit trees & vines
Milk and dairy products in human nutrition
Milk and dairy product are not only a vital source of nutrition but they also represent livelihood opportunities for farm families, processors and other stakeholders in dairy value chains. This publication draws together information on nutrition, and dairy-industry development, providing a rich source of useful material on the role of dairy products in human nutrition and the way that investment in dairy-industry development has changed.
Food Outlook, November 2013
Food Outlook is a biannual publication focusing on developments affecting global food and feed markets. The report focuses on developments in international markets, giving comprehensive assessments and forecasts on a commodity by commodity basis. The November 2013 issue includes a special feature on the revised methodology for the Food Price Index calculation.
The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2013: The multiple dimensions of food security
The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2013 presents updated estimates of undernourishment and progress towards the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) and World Food Summit (WFS) hunger targets. The latest assessment shows that further progress has been made towards the 2015 MDG target, which remains within reach for the developing regions as a whole, although marked differences across regions persist and considerable and immediate additional efforts will be needed.
Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the context of national food security
The Voluntary Guidelines promote secure tenure rights and equitable access to land, fisheries and forests as a means of eradicating hunger and poverty, supporting sustainable development and enhancing the environment. They were officially endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security on 11 May 2012. Since then implementation has been encouraged by G20, Rio+ 20, United Nations General Assembly and Francophone Assembly of Parliamentarians.
Quality Assurance for Animal Feed Analysis Laboratories
FAO Animal Production and Health Manuals
Every sector of the livestock industry, the associated services and the wellbeing of both animals and humans are influenced by animal feeding. This document gives a comprehensive account of good laboratory practices, quality assurance procedures and examples of standard operating procedures as used in individual specialist laboratories. The manual will be useful for laboratory analysts, laboratory managers, research students and teachers and it is hoped that it will enable workers in animal industry, including the aquaculture industry, to appreciate the importance of proven reliable data and the associated quality assurances approaches.
Future prospects for food and feed security
Launched during the International Conference on Forests for Food Security and Nutrition, this publication describes the contribution of insects to food security. It shows the many traditional and potential new uses of insects for direct human consumption and the opportunities for and constraints to farming them for food and feed. It examines the body of research on issues such as insect nutrition and food safety, the use of insects as animal feed, and the processing and preservation of insects and their products.
Trends and impacts on foreign investments in developing country agriculture
Evidence from case studies
Substantial increases in agricultural investments in developing countries are needed to combat poverty and realize food security and nutrition goals. In order to acquire an in-depth understanding of potential benefits, constraints and costs of foreign investment in agriculture and of the business models that are more conducive to development, FAO has undertaken research in developing countries. This publication summarizes the results of this research, in particular through the presentation of case studies on policies to attract foreign investment in agriculture and their impacts on national economic development in selected countries in Africa, Asian and Latin America.
Fishing harbour planning, construction and management
This publication should enable consultants, architects and contractors involved in any stage of design or construction of a fish landing or port to avoid the mistakes of old as it covers all the aspects of fishing port infrastructure, from inception to construction and management of the fishing port or landing once constructed.
Part I deals with the planning required for fishing ports and includes the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries, International Conventions, needs assessment and environmental auditing, all of which impact the decision-making process during the planning stage.
Part II deals with the physical construction of the port itself and discusses issues relating to hydrographic surveys, dredging, breakwater construction, quays, slipways and construction materials.
Part III deals with port management and covers both software (port management bodies) and the hardware (port fittings, shore based infrastructure, renewable energy and public health and hygiene) required to run the port.
Food Outlook, June 2013
Food Outlook is a biannual publication focusing on developments affecting global food and feed markets. The sub-title "Global Market Analysis" reflects this focus on developments in international markets, with comprehensive assessments and forecasts on a commodity by commodity basis.
Crop Prospects and Food Situation
Crop Prospects and Food Situation is published four times a year and focuses on developments affecting the food situation of developing countries and the Low-Income Food-Deficit Countries (LIFDCs) in particular. The report provides a review of the food situation by geographic region, a section dedicated to the LIFDCs and a list of countries requiring external assistance for food. It also includes a global cereal supply and demand overview to complement the biannual analysis in the Food Outlook publication.
Save and grow: cassava
A guide to sustainable production intensification
This is the first in a series of guides on applying FAO's ''save and grow'' model of agriculture to smallholder crops and farming systems. It illustrated the practical application of this ecosystem-based approach to profitable and sustainable cassava production.
The State of Food and Agriculture: Food systems for better nutrition
Malnutrition – in the form of undernutrition, micronutrient deficiencies, and overweight and obesity – imposes unacceptably high economic and social costs on countries at all income levels. The causes of malnutrition are complex, yet all forms of malnutrition share one common feature: nutritionally inappropriate diets. The State of Food and Agriculture 2013 makes the case that healthy diets and good nutrition begin with food and agriculture.
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FAO in the 21st century
Ensuring food security in a changing world
This publication details our current knowledge on the complex and interrelated challenges that are compounding efforts to achieve global food security. It discusses likely implications for the food and agriculture sector and for hunger and poverty reduction efforts, including FAO's role in assisting members in the coming years.
Family Nutrition Guide
The Family Nutrition Guide is a practical guide that aims to improve the feeding and nutrition of families in developing countries. It is primarily written for health workers, nutritionists, agricultural extensionists or other development workers who design nutrition education materials and activities and work with people at community level.
Fats and Fatty Acids in Human Nutrition
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO), in their roles as technical agencies of the United Nations (UN), are charged with providing science-based guidance on food and nutrition to national governments and the international community.
Guidelines for measuring household and individual dietary diversity
The guidelines describe the use of the dietary diversity questionnaire at both the household and individual level, for which calculation of the score is slightly different in each case. The data collected can also be analyzed to provide information on specific food groups of interest.
A New Deal for School Gardens
School gardens are run for a variety of reasons. Some that are gaining prominence in all parts of the world are the promotion of good diet, nutrition education, and the development of livelihood skills, together with the power to extend this learning beyond the school itself in a variety of ways. This educational focus can be an important long-term contributor to national health and food security.
Regional Overview of Food Insecurity. Asia and the Pacific
Towards a Food Secure Asia and the Pacific
This regional overview has been prepared to take stock of the current food security situation, present the challenges of ensuring food security in the context of growing and changing patterns of food demand, and propose key measures that must be taken in a coordinated manner by different stakeholders in this very dynamic and populous part of the world. Part I presents the region’s progress in meeting the Millennium Development Goal 1 and the World Food Summit targets in reducing the proportion and number of undernourished, respectively. Part II discusses insights from a suite of indicators related to the four dimensions of food security (food availability, access to food, stability and utilization); the future outlook towards 2050; policies, actions, commitments and initiatives by countries and regional organizations to address existing and emerging food security challenges; and finally, the path ahead to eradicating hunger and ensuring food and nutrition security in the region.