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The future of food and agriculture: Trends and challenges

What will be needed to realize the vision of a world free from hunger and malnutrition?After shedding light on the nature of the challenges that agriculture and food systems are facing now and throughout the 21st century, the study provides insights into what is at stake and what needs to be done. “Business as usual” is not an option. Major transformations in agricultural systems, rural economies and natural resources management are necessary. The present study was undertaken for the quadrennial review of FAO’s strategic framework and for the preparation of the Organization Medium-Term plan 2018-2021.

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FAO's strategic work to enable inclusive and efficient agricultural and food systems

FAO helps to build safe and efficient food systems that support smallholder agriculture. In order for developing countries to benefit from globalization and commercialization, FAO assists countries in building the capacity to access international markets, meeting international standards for food safety and hygiene and improving processes along entire value chains.

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Strategic Work of FAO to Increase the Resilience of Livelihoods

Together with its partners, FAO works to increase the resilience of agricultural livelihoods at risk of disasters and crises. People with resilient livelihoods are better able to withstand damage, recover and adapt when disasters cannot be avoided. The increasing frequency and intensity of disasters caused by climate change reinforces the urgency to build the resilience of agricultural livelihoods of vulnerable communities.

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Strategic work of FAO to Reduce Rural Poverty

FAO helps countries achieve SDG1 (No poverty) and SDG2 (Zero hunger) by improving the livelihoods of poor and extreme poor rural people, including smallholders and family farmers.

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Strategic work of FAO to Help Eliminate Hunger and Malnutrition

The Organization supports governments in the development of coherent and evidence-based policy and programmes with stronger focus on food security and nutrition, including greater commitment and allocation of human and financial resources for implementation and stronger and more inclusive coordination across sectors and stakeholders.

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Strategic work of FAO for Sustainable Food and Agriculture

FAO promotes the transition to sustainable and climate-resilient agricultural policies and governance mechanisms, working with countries on reviewing their policies and investment strategies and helping them align their policies and programmes in support of implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development as well as the Paris Agreement on climate change.

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Principles for the assessment of livestock impacts on biodiversity

The provision of guidance for the quantitative assessment of biodiversity in live¬stock and other sectors is an emerging area of work. This document represents an initial step in which international experts with various backgrounds shared their views on biodiversity assessment. The general objective of this document was to de-velop principles applicable to different assessment methods in order to guarantee a minimum level of soundness, transparency, scientific relevance, and completeness. 

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Legal aspects of contract farming agreements

This document is primarily a synthesis of the UNIDROIT/FAO/IFAD Legal Guide on Contract Farming. It is a comprehensive document that considers contract farming from the viewpoint of private law and seeks to provide guidance concerning the design and implementation of sound contracts, thereby generally contributing to building a conducive environment for contract farming. The publication does not intend to cover all possible agricultural contracts. Its scope is limited to the bilateral relationship between producer(s) and a contractor through contract farming. 

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Fruit and vegetables for health initiative

 Since 2003, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) of the United Nations have been leading the global initiative “Promotion of Fruit and Vegetables for Health” (PROFAV). This initiative aims to raise awareness and to boost fruit and vegetables production and consumption for improving people’s health and farmers’ incomes. Since then, regional workshops have been organized to bring together experts in the horticulture, health, nutrition, and education sectors. This brochure provides an overview of the initiative and its framework.

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Regional Review on Status and Trends in Aquaculture Development in the Near East and North Africa – 2015

This document reviews the status and trends in aquaculture development in the Near East and North Africa (NENA) region. It updates the last Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) “Regional Review on Status and Trends in Aquaculture Development in the Near East and North Africa – 2010” (FAO, 2011). It highlights the salient issues, particularly those that have evolved in the past decade (2010–2014). The data contained in the review is based on FAO’s official datasets (FAO, 2016a). Other local, regional and global information sources were also consulted throughout the review process.

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Low emissions development of the beef cattlesector in Uruguay

The study evaluates the potential for improving productivity while reducing enteric methane emission intensity from beef production in Uruguay. The overall objective of this study is to support Uruguay in identifying low-cost strategies to reduce enteric CH4 emissions while contributing to Uruguay’s short-and long-term social and economic development and increasing resilience to climate change.

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