Reduce Rural Poverty

Poverty and hunger: different but connected

Almost 783 million people continue to live in extreme poverty and inequalities of all kinds are still pervasive.

Most of the poor live in rural areas and depend on agriculture for their livelihoods and food security. Yet, because they lack the resources or knowledge to invest in their land or livelihoods, the poor often cannot benefit from the new technologies or access to markets that would boost their productivity and income.

Some 59% of the extreme poor are in countries deemed as fragile, environmentally vulnerable or in protracted crises. Conflicts, fast population growth and climate change are among the causes of rising global hunger. In the same year, 821 million people were hungry and food insecure.

With the adoption of the new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), countries have pledged to end poverty and hunger by 2030. This will be done in part by promoting inclusive, equitable and sustainable growth.

Food and agriculture lie at the heart of the 2030 Agenda. Most of the 17 SDGs contain targets that are linked, either directly or indirectly, to food security and nutrition. Actions to end hunger and poverty, achieve food security and improve nutrition are crucial investments in human health and wellbeing, investments that are vital to achieving the 2030 Agenda as a whole.