Устойчивость к внешним воздействиям


Sustainable development cannot be achieved without resilient livelihoods. People around the world are increasingly exposed to natural hazards and crises – from drought, floods, earthquakes and disease epidemics to conflict, market shocks and complex, protracted crises. Worldwide, 75 percent of poor and food insecure people rely on agriculture and natural resources for their living. They are usually hardest hit by disasters.  

FAO assists countries to increase the resilience of households, communities and institutions to more effectively prevent and cope with threats and disasters that impact agriculture, food security and nutrition.

The recurrence of disasters and crises undermines countries’ efforts to eradicate hunger and malnutrition and to achieve sustainable development. People who rely on farming, livestock, forests or fishing for their food and income – around one-third of the world’s population – are often the most vulnerable and affected. Climate change, in particular extreme weather-related shocks, is exacerbating the situation.

To cope, poor households are often forced to sell their productive assets, reduce their meals or leave their farms in search of work. Recurring crises also place natural resources under immense strain, with devastating consequences on livelihoods such as depleted forests and soils, scarce water supplies and pasture degradation.

People with resilient livelihoods are better able to prevent and reduce the impact of disasters in their lives. They can better withstand damage, recover and adapt when disasters cannot be prevented.

At FAO, increasing the resilience of agriculture-based livelihoods against threats and crises is a corporate priority. FAO’s resilience work is multisectoral, encompassing all aspects of agriculture: crops, livestock, fisheries, aquaculture, forestry, natural resource management and value chains.

FAO combines the strengths of humanitarian assistance and development actions to assist countries more effectively prevent and cope with threats and disasters that impact agriculture, food security and nutrition.

FAO’s approach is proactive. By addressing the root causes of risk and crises and focusing on risk prevention, real progress can be made in achieving a world free of hunger.

Resilience to natural hazards and resulting disasters

Over the past decade, natural disasters caused around USD 1.3 trillion in damages and affected 2.7 billion people. With climate change, extreme weather events are becoming more frequent, intense and costly. Those most vulnerable are food insecure, poor families that derive their livelihood from agriculture. FAO is working locally and globally to ensure disaster risk reduction and management enhances the resilience of  livelihoods, thus contributing to sustainable agriculture, food security and nutrition ...read more

Building resilience in protracted crises

Protracted crises have many, overlapping and persistent causes. They affect around 474 million people worldwide – one in three are undernourished. Recurrent natural and human-made disasters, weak governance and unsustainable livelihood systems leave families more vulnerable and exposed to shocks. Effectively addressing protracted crises requires increased understanding of their structural causes, innovative policy frameworks and collaborative efforts ...read more

Food Chain Crisis - Emergency Prevention System

Transboundary, high impact animal and plant pests and diseases (including for fish and forests), as well as food safety and radiological events, are major threats to the food chain from production to consumption. These threats have a direct impact on people’s food security, livelihoods and health. Through the Food Chain Crisis Management Framework - Emergency Prevention System (FCC-EMPRES), FAO effectively integrates prevention, preparedness, and response to emergencies affecting the food chain, thus enhancing the resilience of livelihoods ...read more

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