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Water Harvesting and Natural Resource Management in South Sudan

Water Harvesting and Natural Resource Management in South Sudan
May 2015

The struggle over natural resources, particularly pasture and water during the dry season, is a critical issue in many pastoral production areas of South Sudan and is one of the major causes of conflict between pastoral and farming communities in the country. In order to address such conflicts associated with use of and access to pasture and water, the Government of South Sudan and the international community have been financing the construction of hafirs in order to provide water for livestock during the dry season.

In order to understand water harvesting interventions in the context of sustainable natural resource use and management, conflict resolution and policy framework in South Sudan, The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) have embarked on a joint project entitled “Assessment of water harvesting structures for sustainable livelihoods and peacebuilding in South Sudan”. The project has been financed by the Peacebuilding Fund (PBF) for South Sudan.

A natural resource assessment and analysis was conducted to inform the Government’s and development partners’ understanding of sustainable natural resources use and management. The assessment also looked at the institutional arrangements required for management of the hafirs and conflict associated with access to and use of natural resources around the hafirs. The findings of the natural resource assessment and analysis will be used as a reference for future construction and operation of water harvesting structures.

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