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Strengthening resilience for food security and nutrition

Strengthening resilience for food security and nutrition
Apr 2015

A Conceptual Framework for Collaboration and Partnership among the Rome-based Agencies

This paper presents a simple conceptual framework to inform the understanding, scope and modalities for the Rome-based Agencies (RBAs) to support the resilience of food-insecure people in relation to shocks that affect their livelihoods and food systems. The framework provides a way for the agencies to seek and build complementary alignment across existing agency-specific approaches to support the resilience of food-insecure people rather than develop new approaches, thereby ensuring that RBA collaboration is cost-effective.

Each of the agencies has a well-defined mandate and operational modalities through which it has established its own strengths; these can be aligned to build resilience for food security and nutrition at multiple levels. It is precisely these differences in mandates and modalities that, when brought together, offer great opportunities for strengthening the resilience of food-insecure individuals, households, communities and population groups, including acting upon the systems on which food security depends. The benefits achieved through such an alignment of approaches can be enhanced through the inclusion of other partners, which together strengthen resilience-building work through their diversity of mandates and instruments.

The common focus of RBA work is to strengthen the resilience of rural poor, vulnerable and food insecure people’s livelihoods and production systems. The emphasis is on situations where the capacities of supporting structures and institutions − notably government systems, national and local institutions and farmers’ organizations − are not in a position to offset or buffer the impacts of shocks and stressors.

The present RBA effort to strengthen collaboration will be shaped by the outcomes of major international processes in which the factors impacting the resilience of food systems and the livelihoods of food insecure people are being discussed, and will be deliberated on in the coming year. Among these, it is worth noting the post-2015 development agenda and the commitment to the comprehensive approach to ensuring food security and nutrition in both crisis and non-crisis situations, championed by the High-Level Task Force on Global Food Security and embodied in its Comprehensive Framework for Action and the United Nations Zero-Hunger Challenge.