全球的食物权

  亚美尼亚

The Constitution of the Republic of Armenia implicitly guarantees the right to adequate food through broader human rights. 

The Republic of Armenia has become a State party to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) in 1993 by way of accession. It has ratified the Optional Protocol (OP-ICESCR) in 2020.

CONSTITUTIONAL RECOGNITIONS OF THE RIGHT TO ADEQUATE FOOD

Implicit protection of the right to adequate food

"Article 84. Decent living and minimum salary. 1. Every person in need and the elderly shall, in accordance with law, have the right to a decent living."

National status of international obligations

"Article 5. The Hierarchy of Legal Norms. (...) 3. In case of conflict between the norms of international treaties ratified by the Republic of Armenia and those of laws, the norms of international treaties shall apply."

"Article 116. Ratification, Suspension or Revocation of International Treaties. (...) 3. International treaties contradicting the Constitution may not be ratified."

Other pertinent provisions for the realization of the right to adequate food

"Article 3.  The Human Being, His or Her Dignity, Basic Rights and Freedoms. 

1. The human being shall be the highest value in the Republic of Armenia. The inalienable dignity of the human being shall constitute the integral basis of his or herrights and freedoms.

2. The respect for and protection of the basic rights and freedoms of the human being and the citizen shall be the duty of the public power.

3. The public power shall be restricted by the basic rights and freedoms of the human being and the citizen as a directly applicable law."

INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS

Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) – 1948

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) – 1966

Status: Accession (1993)

Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) – 1979

Status: Accession (1993)

Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) – 1989

Status: Accession (1993)

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) – 2006

Status: Ratification (2010)

承认足够食物权的立法和政策

粮农组织理事会通过的并得到世界粮食安全委员会认可的《食物权准则》提供了关于如何在国家粮食安全背景下逐步实现充足食物权的指南。

考虑到可以通过各种法律和政策行动来实现获得充足食物的人权,我们邀请您访问 FAOLEX国家概况数据库, 其中收集了已经在国家一级采取的各种措施。您可能会发现一些文件是与某些相关准则相关的法规和政策,例如与获取资源和资产的准则(准则8)相关的措施,与食品安全和消费者保护准则(准则9)相关的措施,与对弱势群体的支持(准则13)相关的措施,以及与自然灾害和人为灾难(准则16)相关的措施。

您可以在下面找到明确提及食物权的政策和法规

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