全球的食物权

  波斯尼亚-黑塞哥维那

The Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina implicitly guarantees the right to adequate food through broader human rights. 

Bosnia and Herzegovina has become a State party to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) in 1993 by way of succession. It has ratified the Optional Protocol (OP-ICESCR) in 2012.

CONSTITUTIONAL RECOGNITIONS OF THE RIGHT TO ADEQUATE FOOD

Implicit protection of the right to adequate food

Article II.1: “Bosnia and Herzegovina and both Entities shall ensure the highest level of internationally recognized human rights and fundamental freedoms. To that end, there shall be a Human Rights Commission for Bosnia and Herzegovina as provided for in Annex 6 to the General Framework Agreement.”

Član II.1: "Bosna i Hercegovina i oba entiteta će osigurati najviši nivo međunarodno priznatih ljudskih prava i osnovnih sloboda. U tu svrhu postoji Komisija za ljudska prava za Bosnu i Hercegovinu, kao što je predviđeno u Aneksu 6 Opšteg okvirnog sporazuma. 

 

Article II.2: “The rights and freedoms set forth in the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms and its Protocols shall apply directly in Bosnia and Herzegovina. These shall have priority over all other law.”

Član II.2: "Prava i slobode predviđeni u Evropskoj konvenciji za zaštitu ljudskih prava i osnovnih sloboda i u njenim protokolima se direktno primjenjuju u Bosni i Hercegovini. Ovi akti imaju prioritet nad svim ostalim zakonima."

 

Annex I: "Additional Human Rights Agreements To Be Applied In Bosnia And Herzegovina"

Aneks I: "Dodatni sporazumi o ljudskim pravima koji će se primjenjivati u Bosni i Hercegovini."

 

National status of international obligations

Article II/1. “Bosnia and Herzegovina and both Entities shall ensure the highest level of internationally recognized human rights and fundamental freedoms. To that end, there shall be a Human Rights Commission for Bosnia and Herzegovina as provided for in Annex 6 to the General Framework Agreement.

Član II.1: "Bosna i Hercegovina i oba entiteta će osigurati najviši nivo međunarodno priznatih ljudskih prava i osnovnih sloboda. U tu svrhu postoji Komisija za ljudska prava za Bosnu i Hercegovinu, kao što je predviđeno u Aneksu 6 Opšteg okvirnog sporazuma. 

 

 

Other pertinent provisions for the realization of the right to adequate food

Preamble: “Inspired by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenants on Civil and Political Rights and on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, and the Declaration on the Rights of Persons Belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic Minorities, as well as other human rights instruments (…) Bosniacs, Croats, and Serbs, as constituent peoples (along with Others), and citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina hereby determine that the Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina is as follows (…)”.

Preambula: "Inspirisani Univerzalnom Deklaracijom o ljudskim pravima, Međunarodnim paktovima o građanskim i političkim pravima, odnosno o ekonomskim, socijalnim i kulturnim pravima, i Deklaracijom o pravima lica koja pripadaju nacionalnim ili etničkim, vjerskim i jezičkim manjinama, kao i drugim instrumentima ljudskih prava,[...] Bošnjaci, Hrvati i Srbi, kao konstitutivni narodi (u zajednici s ostalima), i građani Bosne i Hercegovine ovim utvrđuju Ustav Bosne i Hercegovine[...]"

INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS

Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) – 1948

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) – 1966

Status: Succession (1993)

Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) – 1979

Status: Ratification (1993)

Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) – 1989

Status: Ratification (1993)

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) – 2006

Status: Ratification (2010)

承认足够食物权的立法和政策

粮农组织理事会通过的并得到世界粮食安全委员会认可的《食物权准则》提供了关于如何在国家粮食安全背景下逐步实现充足食物权的指南。

考虑到可以通过各种法律和政策行动来实现获得充足食物的人权,我们邀请您访问 FAOLEX国家概况数据库, 其中收集了已经在国家一级采取的各种措施。您可能会发现一些文件是与某些相关准则相关的法规和政策,例如与获取资源和资产的准则(准则8)相关的措施,与食品安全和消费者保护准则(准则9)相关的措施,与对弱势群体的支持(准则13)相关的措施,以及与自然灾害和人为灾难(准则16)相关的措施。

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