The Right to Food around the Globe

  Algeria

The Constitution of the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria does not explicitly guarantee the right to adequate food. 

The People's Democratic Republic of Algeria has become a State party to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights in 1989 by way of ratification.

CONSTITUTIONAL RECOGNITIONS OF THE RIGHT TO ADEQUATE FOOD

National status of international obligations

Article 154: «Les traités ratifiés par le Président de la République, dans les conditions prévues par la Constitution, sont supérieurs à la loi.»

Other pertinent provisions for the realization of the right to adequate food

Article 63 : «L’Etat veille à assurer au citoyen: l’accès à l’eau potable et à sa préservation pour les générations futures; la protection de sa santé, notamment des personnes démunies ainsi que la prévention et la lutte contre les maladies épidémiques et endémiques; l’accès au logement, notamment pour les catégories défavorisées.»

Article 72 : «L’Etat œuvre à assurer aux personnes vulnérables ayant des besoins spécifiques, leur insertion dans la vie sociale. Les conditions et les modalités d'application de cette disposition sont fixées par la loi.»

INTERNATIONAL INSTRUMENTS

Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) – 1948

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) – 1966

Status: Ratification (1989)

Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) – 1979

Status: Accession (1996)

Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) – 1989

Status: Ratification (1993)

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) – 2006

Status: Ratification (2009)

Legislation and policies recognizing the right to adequate food

Guidance on how to progressively realise the human right to adequate food in contexts of national food security has been provided by the Right to Food Guidelines, adopted by the FAO Council and endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security.

Considering that the human right to adequate food can be implemented through a variety of legal and policy actions, we invite you to visit the FAOLEX Country Profile database for a wide-ranging collection of measures that have been taken at national level. Some of the documents you may find are legislation and policies that touch on a number of relevant Guidelines, such as those on Access to resources and assets (Guideline 8), Food safety and consumer protection (Guideline 9), Support for vulnerable groups (Guideline 13) and Natural and human-made disasters (Guideline 16).

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